Dry mixtures contains the drug and suitable suspending and dispersing agents to be diluted and agitated with a specific quantity of vehicle, most often purified water. Drugs that are instable if maintained for extended periods in the presence of aqueous vehicle (eg., many antibiotic drugs) are frequently supplied as dry powder mixtures for reconstitution at the time of dispensing. This type of preparation is designated in the USP by a title “for Oral Suspension”. The reconstituted system is the formulation of choice when the drug stability is a major concern. After reconstitution, these systems have a short but acceptable life if stored at refrigerator temperatures. Reconstitutable oral systems show the adequate chemical stability of the drug during shelf life, avoids the physical stability problems related to solubility, pH and incompatibilities with other ingredients and also reduce the weight of the final product because the aqueous vehicle is absent and consequently the transportation expenses may be reduced.
Advantage of Dry Syrup
Dry syrup form of the drug is also useful in case of bioavailability as it has high bioavailability rather than tablets and capsules as it disintegrates in water outside of the oral cavity and directly the suspension is gone through the gastrointestinal tract. So the suspension easily absorbs in the GIT.A number of commercial and official preparations are available as dry powder mixtures.
Contents of the powerpoint on Dry syrups include:
CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSPENSIONS FOR RECONSTITUTION
COMMONLY USED INGREDIENTS
PREPARATION OF DRY MIXTURE
GUIDELINES FOR STABILITY TESTING
Dry powders for oral suspension are powder mixtures that require the addition of water (reconstitution) at the time of dispensing and are mostly for paediatric use. These are called dry syrups or reconstitutable oral suspensions.
Inadequate chemical stability of the drug in the aqueous vehicle.
Avoid the physical stability problems like viscosity changes, conversion of polymorphic form, incompatibility, crystal growth, caking.
Reduces the weight of final product.
Shipped without regard to seasonal temperatures.
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