Role of Medical Representative – PPT PDF – Interview Special

Primary roles & responsibilities of Medical Representative include:

Primary roles & responsibilities of Medical Representative include:

Primary roles & responsibilities of Medical Representative include:

  1. Organising appointments and meetings with Doctors
  2. Writing reports and other documents regarding the assigned Formulations
  3. Identifying and establishing new business leads
  4. Getting feedback on the product and Marketing the Feedback
  5. Company Representation
  6. Introducing the product in the market
  7. Promotion of Pharma products
  8. Achieving sales target
  9. Organizing conferences and meetings
  10. Reviewing sales performance during week and month
  11. Negotiating contracts
  12. demonstrating or presenting products to healthcare staff including doctors, nurses and pharmacists
  13. Attending  trade exhibitions, conferences and meetings
  14. managing budgets
  15. Perfect knowledge on
  16. Patient Population
    » Provider of healthcare services
    » Prescriber of medicines/ treatment
    » Product provider/ seller
    » Payer

 

What are Key Skills of a Professional Medical Representative:

  1. Perfect sales men
  2. Proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel, Outlook, and PowerPoint.
  3. Excellent communication skills
  4. Dedicated and target-oriented.
  5. Disciplined and punctual.
  6. hard working.
  7. Precise Decision making skills
  8. Self-motivated.
  9. Great presentation skills
  10. Deep product knowledge
  11. Ability to work under pressure
  12. Strong Medical Knowledge

 

What are the organization expectations from the doctors through Medical Representative Work

  • x To generate and increase good numbers of prescription.
  • x To generate and increase good numbers of prescriber base.
  • x Brand establishment.
  • x Satisfying customers need and developing Loyal Customers.
  • x Growth in sales.
  • x To establish the company as well as product image at market place.
  • x Profitability and
  • x Service to human welfare.

What are the expectations from the Pharma companies by doctors? Every Medical representative must know

Scientific Information and Educations
Quality products
Solution to their Patients problems
Patients’ benefits
Regular visits by Medical representatives and senior managers
Satisfying their needs or Sponsorship

Pharmaceutical Promotional Methods:

The promotional methods in pharmaceutical marketing includes personal selling, advertising, sales promotion and publicity. These can be further segmented for the purpose of better understanding,
(i) Personal Selling: Medical sales representative or Medical representatives detail the company’s product to doctors, with the help of visual aids, leave- behind-literature, product monographs, samples, gifts, etc. which are the most important elements of pharmaceuticals promotion.
(ii) Advertising: Preparation of visual aids, leave-behind-literature, product monographs to assist medical sales representatives in their detailing efforts, and advertising their products in specialized media like medical journals and souvenirs, seminars and medical symposia and mailers for doctor.
(iii) Sales Promotion: Deciding on special bonus offers, free samples, gifts and sponsorship.
(iv) Publicity: Organizing medical symposia and seminars, conducting clinical trials, conducting exhibitions, designing and executing product publicity campaigns for truly innovative products.

HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams

HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET

Tod we will discuss HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET in the recent examinations. All the public service commissions and other government private and entrance examination are likely to follow the same pattern of OMR marking answering system for the evaluation. I think this is the best evaluation and one need to be very careful while filling up the form. So, We thought to publish an article on your favorite pharmawiki.in to help all the students and other aspirants to have a safe practice while attempting your examinations.

HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams

First let us start with a picture of Sample OMR sheet. Have a look at it keenly.

 

Sample OMR Sheet

HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET

INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

Fill boxes in BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.

INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

Darken the circles by BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.

Sample OMR Sheet

Do not write anything else on this OMR sheet.

Darken the circles only like this.

UPSC INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

Roll Number

EXAMPLE:
IF YOUR ROLL NO IS “06393”
YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW

hall ticket INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

SET CODE IS “D”

 

IF YOUR QUESTION SET CODE IS “D”
YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW

 

entrance exam INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

DATE OF BIRTH

IF YOUR DATE OF BIRTH IS 06/05/1997
YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW

 

This is another important section for you to concentrate and do the work. You need to fill the bubble with right date of birth if not you may be out as it can be a reason for your disqualification in the examination you are giving right now for your better  career prospects. So be careful while filling your entire OMR sheet.

Appsc INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

IMPORTANT POINTS :
1. “SET CODE” -AS MENTIONED IN THE QUESTION PAPER.
2. 5 (FIVE) DIGIT WRITTEN ROLL NUMBER -AS MENTIONED IN PERFORMANCE -CUM-IDENTITY CARD
3. DATE OF BIRTH – As mentioned in the application form

I hope our article “HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams” helped you to a small extent before you take up any offline competitive exams. This is a small guide to the instructions for filling the omr sheet without any mistake as our exams are very important to us. All the best my friends and I wish you all the very best for all your future endeavors. May God Bless.

Percentage of Marks You Need To Maintain In M. Pharm Course

Percentage of Marks You Need To Maintain In M. Pharm Course

Let us discuss Percentage of Marks You Need To Maintain In M. Pharm Course: First of all let us gather some general idea about the degree course of Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharm). It is a 2 year post graduate course that trains the students imparting the knowledge of practical aspects of topics like industrial operations, instrumental techniques, research methodologies and emerging areas. In order to take admission to an M. Pharm course, you should have a B. Pharm degree from a PCI-approved institute and should have scored at least 55% marks over the 4 years of the graduate course. In M. Pharm course too, at the end of every semester candidates are to appear for examinations. At the end of last semester, the candidates also need to submit thesis. It offers specializations in subjects for which Post-graduate degree in pharmacy can be awarded by the Indian universities are as below:-

  • Pharmaceutics
  • Industrial Pharmacy
  • Nutrition pharmacy
  • Oncology pharmacy,
  • Psychiatry pharmacy,
  • Nuclear pharmacy
  • Infectious disease pharmacy.
  • Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Analysis
  • Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance
  • Regulatory Affairs
  • Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
  • Pharmacy Practice
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacognosy
  • Phytopharmacy & Phytomedicine
  • Cardiovascular pharmaceutics
  • Medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy

The other specialties can be prescribed by the Pharmacy Council of India from time to time.

The academic semester shall consist of a minimum of 15 weeks or tentative 90 instructional days. A minimum of 75% attendance in the theory and practical of each subject is compulsory for appearing at the external (university) examination. Now to clear the examination paper of any subject, candidates must obtain at least 40 percentage of the marks (including sessional marks) in theory and practical separately in each subject and in addition must obtain at least 50 percentage of the total marks (including sessional marks) assigned to the subject examination. To pass a subject, a candidate must appear in theory and practical at a time. For each internal (sessional) examination Twenty (20) marks shall be allotted and Eighty (80) marks for external (university) examination in theory and/or practical of each subject. The internal (sessional) marks in practical are allotted based on the actual performance in one internal (sessional) examination of 10 marks and attendance record, conduct, practical performance, laboratory records, viva, inclusive of another 10 marks. On the basis of average of all semester leading to award of the degree of M.Pharm the classes of percentage are determined. Percentage to be awarded is 70% or more for First class with Distinction. For percentage of 60% or more, but less than 70% the student gets First class and for 50% or more, but less than 60% it will be Second class. For the percentage below 50% are considered as Pass class.

Percentage of Marks You Need To Maintain In M. Pharm Course

Thus to maintain the M.Pharm course 50% of the marks are necessary. It’s obvious for a candidate to score high in the M.Pharm degree the students must work hard as it is a higher degree and it requires knowledge to become an expertise.

RRB Pharmacist AGE LIMIT – RRB 2019 Paramedical Job Exam Age Details

RRB Pharmacist AGE LIMIT - RRB 2019 Paramedical Job Exam Age Details for sc st obc ur

Today here we want to discuss the AGE LIMIT for RRB Pharmacist  and other para medical posts released recently.
Date of birth of candidates should be between the dates given in the notification with both dates inclusive. Lower age limit that means not born after that date and Upper age limit with Date of Birth not earlier than the given. The lower and upper age limits indicated for a particular post(s) in the vacancy table will be reckoned as on 01.07.2019.

RRB Pharmacist AGE LIMIT – RRB 2019 Paramedical Job Exam Age Details for sc st obc ur

RRB Pharmacist AGE LIMIT - RRB 2019 Paramedical Job Exam Age Details for sc st obc ur
However, the relaxation in upper age limit/maximum upper age for the following categories/communities is
given in the table below subject to submission of requisite certificates.

For all communities/ categories) UR/EWS OBC-NCL SC/ST
1 18-30 01.07.2001 02.07.1989 02.07.1986 02.07.1984
2 18-35 01.07.2001 02.07.1984 02.07.1981 02.07.1979
3 18-33 01.07.2001 02.07.1986 02.07.1983 02.07.1981
4 19-33 01.07.2000 02.07.1986 02.07.1983 02.07.1981
5 20-33 01.07.1999 02.07.1986 02.07.1983 02.07.1981
6 20-35 01.07.1999 02.07.1984 02.07.1981 02.07.1979
7 20-40 01.07.1999 02.07.1979 02.07.1976 02.07.1974
8 21-40 01.07.1998 02.07.1979 02.07.1976 02.07.1974
9 22-35 01.07.1997 02.07.1984 02.07.1981 02.07.1979RRB Pharmacist AGE LIMIT - RRB 2019 Paramedical Job Exam Age Details for sc st obc ur

Community/Categories Community Age relaxation Details  

  • OBC-Non Creamy Layer 3 years of age relaxation
  •  SC/ST 5 years of age relaxation
  • Ex-Servicemen candidates who have put in more than 6 months service after attestation
  • UR Upper age limit as mentioned in the respective posts plus community age relaxation wherever applicable plus Number of years of service rendered in
    Defence plus 3 years
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer)
    SC/ST
    Persons with Benchmark Disabilities
    (PwBD)
    UR 10 Years
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer) 13 Years of age relaxation
    SC/ST 15 Years
  • Candidates ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 01.01.1980 to
    31.12.1989
    UR Upper age limit plus community age relaxation wherever applicable plus 5 years
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer)
    SC/ST
  • Candidates who are serving Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ Railway Staff, CasualLabour and Substitutes and put in
    minimum of 3 years service (continuous or in broken spells)
  • UR 40 Years of age
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer) 43 Years of age
    SC/ST 45 Years of age
  • Candidates who are working in Quasi-Administrative offices of the Railway organization such as Railway
    Canteens, Co-operative Societies and Institutes
    UR Upto the length of service rendered or 5 years, whichever is lower plus community age relaxation wherever applicable
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer)
    SC/ST
  • Women candidates, who are widowed, divorced or judicially separated from husband but not
    remarried. 
    UR 35 Years of age
    OBC- NCL (Non Creamy Layer) 38 Years of age
    SC/ST 40 Years of age
  • If a candidate is eligible for relaxation of age on more than one ground, he/she would be accorded the highest of the age relaxations for which he/she is eligible.
  • No age relaxation is allowed to SC/ST/OBC-NCL (Non Creamy Layer) candidates applying against unreserved vacancies.
  • PwBD candidates applying against UR vacancies will be allowed age relaxation applicable for UR PwBD only. If a candidate is eligible for relaxation of age on more than one ground, he/she would be accorded the highest of the age relaxation for which he/she is eligible

Conclusion Note:

Candidates should note that the date of birth filled in this application should be same as recorded in the Matriculation/SSLC/Xth Class or an equivalent certificate. No subsequent request for its change will be
considered.

Pharma Universities in Melbourne MS Pharmacy Australia

Pharma universities in Melbourne Melbourne is one of the most primary and well known places in Australia.  Melbourne stands as the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria.  The city has developed highly and flourished well in terms of availability of various requirements of social life that includes plazas, restaurants, bars, universities, schools, colleges and the list is endless.  It truly depicts the cultural heritage of the people living in Australia.  Since founded on 30 August 1835, this city has developed itself to a greater extend.  To this it has been found that some of Australia’s most well established and more prominent schools, colleges and Universities are based here.  Today we try to look at this aspect in a bit detail in relation to some of the best prominent Pharma Universities.

 

Pharma being one of the most important fields of learning, there are many Universities in Melbourne which helps Pharma student to get their Pharma degree easily.  Basically these Universities allow those who are willing to do their Bachelor’s, master or PhD on a particular subject.  One of such University available in Melbourne is University of Melbourne.  It helps student to obtain their Bachelor’s degree as well as complete their Master in Pharma.  It has got high repute and is considered to be one of the finest Universities in Australia providing first class learning experience for the students especially when in consideration of studying pharmacy.  Next is the Monash University, Clayton Campus.  This is considered to be one of the finest in imparting pharmacy education to the students after Melbourne University.  It has got one of the finest batches of teachers who impart education of international standards making them to stands apart from rest.  The curriculum in relation to Pharma is excellent and covers wide range of the subject from an overall point of view.  It is the second oldest university in the state of Victoria.  This University four campuses in Australia and one found in Malaysia.  Then there is the Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.  This campus is purely dedicated to the students of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.  This University purely deals with education in relation to Pharmacy, pharmaceutical and area of concern in relation to this.

Pharma Universities in Melbourne MS Pharmacy Australia

Other than those mentioned here, there are different other Universities in Melbourne which provides the scope for the students to their higher studies in relation to Pharma and dedicate their life to this profession.  The most important aspect in relation to this is that most of the Universities have proper curriculum and study materials with learned faculties which maintains a healthy yet a streamline form of education in relation to Pharma and other related field of study.

 

Pharma is definitely a subject that needs more and more attention and the Universities of Melbourne are working hard for the betterment and improvement of this field of Science.  These Universities maintains a strict curriculum and provides world class curriculum in relation to Pharma.  Here the University allows only students who are willing to do their Bachelor’s or Masters’ degrees.  The amount need to joint the course is very minimal and anybody fulfilling the specific criteria of the University in concern can take up Pharma as a field of study.

 

According to statistics obtained from different sources, the average pay for a Pharmacist in Australia is AU$32.59 per hour and the average pay for a Pharmacist is around AU$67,960 per year.  Thus anybody who wants to take Pharmacy as a career living in Australia and does not know where to start from, then Melbourne can be the best place to start with.

Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy? D Pharmacy ? M Pharmacy

Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy?

Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy?

Well, this question is to be answered in terms of relativity. This is because there is no benchmark of inference to conclude. To some, it may appear easy to some it may appear hard. Actually, in a broader sense, we can say that no course is easy or tough if you are willing to study it. Therefore to get pass marks would not be a matter of concern for you. In your formative years, if you have had good teachers, then you can develop interest. If you harbour an interest in a particular subject then it becomes easy for you. Mainly students having an inclination towards B group of science join the pharmacy stream. On this note, subjects such as remedial mathematics; biostatistics can be hard for some. Since it covers almost every field in science we can say it is one of the toughest courses. The ultimatum depends on someone’s hard work, dedication. The one who studies with passion can earn good marks and earning pass marks won’t be tough job for them. In fact, the teachers opine that it is somewhat difficult to fail in B. Pharmacy course. But if you are thinking that can you get pass marks by studying subjects of B. Pharmacy just prior exams, then the answer would undoubtedly be “No”. If you assume ‘easy’ means lesser portion, then also the answer would be no. It is a vast course with lengthy subjects.

Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy? D Pharmacy 

Now according to the norms of the B. Pharmacy education in India, the criteria of a passing candidate are as follows:-

  • To pass the examination in any subject, minimum passing for any component (head) is 40%, subject to the condition of 50% aggregate requirement for semester passing.
  • Grade in each subject will be calculated based on the summation of marks obtained under each head of the examination of Sessional Theory, External Theory, Sessional Practical and External Practical. Theory and practical component of the same course shall be considered as a separate head.
  • If a candidate gets more than or equals 50% marks in all heads of the subject it is considered as pass.
  • If a student gets 40% in some heads/subjects but the aggregate is more than 50% than also student will be passed.Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy?
  • If student aggregate is less than 50% but more than 40% in all heads, then overall semester result is failed. The student has to reappear in the exam to improve aggregate. The candidate can take the remedial exam in the subject with grade (CC/CD). One can take maximum subjects of three and fresh score will always be considered as the latest one.

Pharmacy Faculty / Lecturer Job Opportunities in Hyderabad | Pharma Colleges

Lecturer Job Opportunities in Hyderabad

Lecturer Job Opportunities in Hyderabad   :  A career as a lecturer requires a graduate-level education, subject-area expertise and the desire to share knowledge. They teach academic or career topics to students pursuing college or university degrees. Hyderabad the name sounds historical though but now with the time, it has evolved into an industrial hub and home to many. It is such a place that offers various kinds of opportunities in education, jobs and business. In this article, we are going to discuss the jobs related to lectureships and its scope in this state. What and how to start and where to go, if you have these questions in mind then please go through the content.

Lecturers are required to be subject-area experts because they need to have solid insight on specific subjects of teaching and calls for up gradation along with the time. Few lecturers fulfill this requirement by conducting original research as part of a postdoctoral fellowship. Publishing original research in professional journals within the fellowship provides a solid body of work in a subject area. The criteria for becoming a lecturer in private colleges require a Master’s degree and a first-class doctoral degree or have a valid NET/SET score for the govt. or central govt. college based on the discipline. Besides these, the experience of teaching, work experience in the specific field; research and publication gets priority while hiring. The key skills needed are research, critical thinking, communication, writing, and computer skills; knowledge of classroom management with no age bar in most cases.

Lecturer Job Opportunities in HyderabadPharmacy Faculty Jobs in Hyderabad

The All India Status of Higher Education (AISHE) report reveals that  | Hyderabad occupies the third highest number of colleges in the country. It clocks the third position leaving behind only Bengaluru and Jaipur. As per the annual report, Hyderabad has 487 colleges covering over 90% of colleges those are private unaided colleges. Majority of them offer under-graduate general courses included nursing, agriculture and engineering courses. The districts of Rangareddy have 395 colleges and Nalgonda has 289 coming fifth and tenth respectively. Guntur district occupied the eighth spot with 309 colleges. Thus, it is quite obvious that many opportunities can emerge throughout the region for the lecturer jobs.

Interview Questions & Answers on Pharmaceutical Production Jobs

Interview Questions & Answers on Pharmaceutical Production Jobs

Interview Questions & Answers on Pharmaceutical Production Jobs

Pharmacy graduates often tend to think about the vast areas of pharmacy of where to apply for jobs. Are you looking out for jobs to boom your pharmacy career? Aren’t there numerous jobs available in the pharmaceutical industry? Well, the answer to these questions is certainly YES and there are many opportunities to start with. While we provide overall information about pharmacy career, in this article we are going to talk about how to pursue a job in the production department of the pharma industry. A fantastic opportunity for pharmacist graduates is that they can work as a research scholar in R & D production team, assist the pharmaceutical manager, play the role of contract production pharmacist, and outsource the drug information to drive the sales and marketing team. The candidates who are considered to be fresher shall have to start with internship and for experienced all sorts of work are there to be explored. If anyone is seeking part-time jobs he or she can apply according to the need of various manufacturing drug companies. Coming to the point of pharmacy production, as a production pharmacist, one needs to help the production manager in achieving the required output. The job holder would be responsible for taking orders from the production manager and oversees manufacturing activities. In addition to that, he supervises the subordinate employees, does plans for production target and plays an important role in managing the company. Moreover, Production department exists in a formulation plant as well as in bulk (API) plant. The Formulation production jobs are generally offered to B. Pharmacy freshers.

So, if want to get into this pharma production jobs then make a firm decision by keeping this information in mind. You need to prepare well for the production pharmacist job interview questions and answers. Go ahead to the interview with a sound confidence and learn technical answers related to production as much as possible. For this to happen we have compiled some of the common Pharma interview questions for production jobs which are technical questions for production job aspirants. This series hopefully would help you for succeeding the interview.

Interview questions for Pharma production jobs are given below!

 

Questions and Answers

1) Define the tablet?

Ans) Tablet is a solid dosage form. It contains the Active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) along with the excipients.

2) Define API?

Ans) API, known as Active pharmaceutical Ingredient. It is the first and important ingredient in any drug formulation. It is a biologically active component responsible for the drug effect.

3) What is excipient and give any two examples with their use?

Ans)  Excipient is an inactive or inert component of the drug formulation which is helpful for improving the tablet characteristics.

Examples: Diluents, useful for increasing the bulk volume of a tablet. Also used for improving the flow properties while compressing the tablet. Lubricants, useful for improving the flow properties while compressing the tablet.

4) Give the examples for diluents and lubricants?

Ans) Diluents- Mannitol, sorbitol, starch, lactose, sucrose etc.

Lubricants – Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, stearic acid etc.

5) Name the tablet preparation methods?

Ans) Wet granulation, Dry granulation, Direct compression.

6) Explain the wet granulation, dry granulation and direct compression?

Ans) Wet granulation: It involves mixing, wet sieving, drying, dry screening and compression. API and excipients are mixed well, then binder solution/ granulation fluid added to form a wet mass, wet mass is screening through a suitable sieve, formed granules are dried. Dried granules are again screened through a sieve. It helps to break down the granule agglomerates to produce a compatible size for preparing the tablet. These same size granules blended and compressed.

Dry granulation: It involves mixing, slugging, screening and compression. API and Excipients are mixed well and particles are aggregated under high pressure for forming slugs. These slugs are screened to form uniform granules for compressing the tablets.

Direct compression: In this method, blend of API and Excipients are directly compressed to form tablets without changing physical nature of material itself.

Interview Questions & Answers on Pharmaceutical Production Jobs

7) Name any three tablet processing problems and explain it?

Ans) Mottling, Capping and lamination.

Mottling- unequal colour distribution of a tablet.

Capping- Partial or complete separation of a tablet top or bottom crowns.

Lamination- Separation of tablets into two or more layers.

8) What is the difference between picking and sticking?

Ans) Picking- Because of adhesion to the punch faces, Localized portion missing on the surface of the tablet.

Sticking- Adhesion of tablet localized portion to the punch faces resulting in rough and dull appearance.

9) Define capsule and how many types of capsules are available?

Ans) It is a solid dosage form. It contains API and excipients enclosed in a water soluble shell made up of gelatin.  Two types of capsules are available. Hard gelatin and soft Gelatin capsules.

10) Explain about hard gelatin capsules?

Ans) It contains two parts called body and cap. Body, a long narrow section. Cap,  a smaller wide portion, it fixes over the body.

11) What is the biggest and smallest capsule size?

Ans) The biggest capsule size -000 & smallest capsule size – 5.

12) Define parenterals?

Ans) Sterile dosage forms administered by injections thorough one more layers of the skin.

13) Explain about Water For Injection (WFI)?

Ans) Purified water without any pyrogen, prepared by distillation or reverse osmosis.

14) What is pyrogen?

Ans) They are the metabolic products of microorganisms produced from living or dead microorganisms.

15) Difference between water for injection (WFI) and sterile water for injection (SWFI)?

Ans) WFI – Purified water without any pyrogen

SWFI – Purified and sterile water without any pyrogen

16) Difference between ampule and vial?

Ans) Ampule is simple dose unit and Vial is multiple dose units.

17) Use of additives in the parenteral formulations?

Ans) Additives are used for increasing the stability of solutions.

18) Explain about different types of additives with examples?

Ans) Anti oxidants are used for preventing the auto oxidation of medicament/drug in the formulation. e.g.: Ascorbic acid, Butylated Hydroxy Anisole(BHA), Butylated Hydroxy Toulene(BHT)

Synergists: Enhances the activity of anti oxidants. e.g.: Citric acid, Citarconic acid, Phosphoric acid, Tartaric acid etc.

Preservatives- Helps to prevent the microbial growth in the formulation. e.g.: Benzalkonium chloride, phenyl mercuric acetate, Thiomersol.

19) Give examples of tonicity modifiers?

Ans) Sodium chloride,  Dextrose.

20) Which colours used in parenteral formulations?

Ans) Colours will not be used in the parenteral formulations.

21) What Do You Mean By Dq, Iq, Oq, & Pq?

Answer: Design Qualification (DQ): documented verification that the proposed design of the facilities, equipment, or systems is suitable for the intended purpose.

Installation Qualification (IQ): documented verification that the equipment or systems are installed or modified & comply with the approved design of the manufacturer’s recommendations and/or user requirements.

Operational Qualification (OQ): documented verification that the equipment or systems are installed or modified & perform as intended throughout the anticipated operating ranges.

Performance Qualification (PQ): documented verification that the equipment and ancillary systems are connected & can perform effectively and reproducibly based on the approved process method and specifications.

22) Define Strip Package And Blister Package?

Answer: Strip packages have at least one sealed pocket of material with each pocket containing a single dose of the product. The package is made of two layers of film or laminate material. The nature and level of protection which is required by the contained product will affect the composition of these layers.

Blister packages are composed of a base layer, with cavities called blisters which contain the pharmaceutical product, and a lid. This lid is sealed to the base layer by heat, pressure or both. They are more rigid than strip packages and are not used for powders or semi-solids. In tropical areas blister packages with an additional aluminium membrane is used which provide greater protection against high humidity.

Production Pharmacist Interview Questions & Answers. Looking for production pharmacist jobs? There are numerous jobs available in pharmaceutical industry? Pharma interview questions for production jobs discussed in this post. Production department
Manufacturing Production Interview Questions & Answers quality control testing of foods, medical devices and pharmaceutical products.Production officer interview questions shared by candidates

D. Pharmacy Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers

D. Pharmacy Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers

D. Pharmacy Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers: Just like any other Pharmacy degree D. Pharmacy candidates also can seek jobs in the department of pharmacy. They are generally recruited as pharmacy technicians and interns to start with any firm. Also, some of the fresher D. Pharmacy candidates choose to work as an assistant to the Pharmacists at private stores. In case you are a recent D. Pharmacy graduate, you must spend some time going over the answers to habitually asked questions at a job interview, before you meet your potential employer. Therefore one can expect much more general questions than the core technical questions asked in the interview rounds of higher pharma degrees. But definitely, it would be good enough if you can brush up the syllabus of the D. Pharmacy curriculum and be ready to answer some of the subject-wise questions. As you are going to start the job as a learner so don’t fret over about the interviews, you just need to have the right attitude and confidence that you would be able to fulfil your role. Use the opportunity to learn as much as possible while working in the company. But after all, you are to clear the interview to get that breakthrough in your field. When it comes to facing an interview, it is normal to feel a little apprehensive. However, preparing for the interview helps to overcome your nervousness and boosts your confidence that helps you make a good impression. Even you do not crack at first there is so much to gain in terms of experience. You become wiser and careful for the previous mistakes that you did while appearing in the interview. Also, you get seasoned to face the interview board being freed of nervousness. Either way, you are the gainer with time. One important tip for the Pharmacy freshers would be to never lose any interview opportunity over thinking on it or procrastinating. The sooner you get trained as a fresher the sooner will be your progress.  

D. Pharmacy Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers

Here are a few pharmacy fresh graduates’ interview questions that your interviewer is most likely to ask and go through these on how to answer them:

  1. What duties a pharmacy technician is required to carry out?

Ans: A Pharmacy technician needs to be an expert at what he’s doing, given that, there is absolutely no room for mistakes when preparing medicines according to doctor’s orders. Duties comprise of: filling prescriptions, making medications as per the pharmacist’s orders, maintaining records of each prescription given out, collecting payment, assessing the insurance status before each prescription is handed out and maintaining sanitized and hygienic storage conditions.

  1. What are the most important qualities for a pharmacy technician?

Ans: You should think about the skills needed to be a successful pharmacy technician that you also possess. “The most important necessity is to be detail-oriented. It’s crucial to be attentive when handling prescription medicine because the smallest oversight could be fatal. Maintaining a certain level of professionalism is the key as well because we represent the company and the customer should feel comfortable trusting us with their medication.”

  1. Where do you see yourself in 5 years?

Ans: Before a company invests time in a new employee, they need to know whether the candidate will be committed to the job and whether he intends to be there long-term. Here you must talk about how you see yourself with the company based on the company’s specific characteristics and attributes in 5 years and how will stay abreast with the latest developments in your line of work.

D. Pharmacy Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers

  1. Why do you want to work for our company?

Ans: Make sure that you research the company profile before you go for the interview and give special consideration to its values and goals. You will have to style your reply based on the company’s features, and show them why you suppose you would be great for the position.

  1. How would you handle a difficult customer?

With this question, the interviewer is getting a sense of your communication skills and how you handle conflict.

Ans: “Customer service is an integral part of being a pharmacy technician. I wouldn’t take anything they say personally and do my best to resolve the situation. I would listen to their complaints, apologize, and try my hardest to satisfy the customer. My goal is for them to leave happy and continue doing business with us.”

  1. Why did you choose pharmacy technician as a career?

The interviewer is curious about your motivation for becoming a pharmacy technician. Explain your reasoning for entering the field. Focus on the profession, not the “perks”.

Ans: “When I was in high school, my grandmother became extremely ill. Through her healing process, I saw the power of medicine. I started looking into how to become a pharmacy technician. It sparked a passion in me to pursue a career in healthcare in order to help my community. Also, I love how the field is constantly growing and evolving.”

Or

“I always wanted to be a part of the healthcare industry and wished to be of service to the community”.

  1. What is your greatest weakness?

This question can blindside you if you aren’t prepared.

Ans: You can mention a weak point that you have been working to improve. Or another option is spinning a negative into a positive. “I can be a little obsessive about triple checking everything. However, my reason for doing so is because I know there is no room for mistakes as a worker. I prefer to be that way so that I am reassured my work contains no errors.”

  1. What is the significance of confidentiality in your profession?

Ans: Keeping the patient’s information undisclosed is very essential, given that as a pharmacy technician I have complete access to a customer’s private details. It is imperative for me to keep all information confidential because it is morally wrong toreveal information which thepatient has trusted me with.

  1. What do you think is the most important business aspect of being a pharmacist?

Ans: Providing great patient care is probably the best thing you can do for the business side of pharmacy. Patients who feel they receive great care and have a pharmacist who is knowledgeable and cares about them individually will continue to frequent that pharmacy.

  1. What was your favorite subject while in pharmacy school? What subject did you struggle with most?

Ans: Pharmacy is a job that requires a lot of responsibility, so pharmacists should truly enjoy what they do. This question asked applicants what they did and didn’t like about their studies to see if they enjoyed the overall experience of studying pharmacy. They will look for your Self-awareness your commitment to the pharmacy profession and your honesty in struggling with the subject.While pharmacy is about helping patients, it’s still a business. This question gives the candidate an opportunity to explain more broadly how they think about the business of pharmacy. What to look for:

Cognizant Pharmacovigilance Interview Questions – TCS CTS

INTERVIEW Questions FOR PHARAMACOVIGILANCE  IN CONGNIZANT TCS

Here in this article we provide you Cognizant Pharmacovigilance Interview Questions along with TCS CTS walk in for M.Pharmacy and B pharmacy Freshers. Generally the Pharmacovigilance in TCS & CTS will be conducted in the same office around 10:00 AM to 2.30 PM.

INTERVIEW PROCESS FOR PHARAMACOVIGILANCE IN CONGNIZANT

Its really good to know where about of anything you do prior. When you decide to go for an interview it is really good to know the pattern of the interview along with its process. Pharmacovigilance is the trending topic these days. I will let you know here expected rounds of interview.

1) Communication –2 min oral talking on your own topic or Group Discussion
2) Aptitude
3) Narrative writing (may be a case study related to clinical trial)
4) HR Round

These days group discussion is very important part of the interview. This is the deciding factor whether you go forward. You have to talk properly with a ear on others speech. Be alert and talk accordingly.

Aptitude is the most important task you need to practice before. Not only for this position for every job you have to give this task successfullyINTERVIEW Questions FOR PHARAMACOVIGILANCE  IN CONGNIZANT TCS

INTERVIEW Questions FOR PHARAMACOVIGILANCE  IN CONGNIZANT

Now we discuss Competency Areas for Pharmacovigilance Professionals. If you want to be a pharmacovigilance Professionals you have know all these things.

Information management skills
# Knowledge of relevant Pharmacovigilance information sources including: printed publications, unpublished sources, databases, websites, social media sites, market research, patients and healthcare professionals, investigator sponsored research and external bodies.
# Effective understanding and use of the principles of information capture, storage, searching and retrieval.
# Effective use of appropriate IT systems and programs.

Scientific knowledge
# Ability to understand in detail clinical, biomedical and scientific reports about pharmaceutical products at a level to allow appropriate capture, review and processing of safety data.

Analytical skills
# Ability to analyse and appraise safety data as part of the ongoing benefit-risk assessment of the company’s products.
# Ability to make informed decisions after finding the relevant facts.

Communication skills
# Ability to communicate information effectively and clearly in written form to allow sharing of safety data within the company and to regulatory bodies as required.

Understanding the wider context
# Knowledge of the business and of the pharmaceutical industry.
# Understanding of the external environment: the NHS, Government policy, regulatory requirements.

Understanding of relevant legal and related issues
# European and Global PV Regulations
# Medicines Act and Statutory Instruments.
# Data Protection legislation.
# Copyright.

Ethics
# Understanding of, and compliance with, company policies, legal requirements, the European
# Good Vigilance Practice Modules, ABPI Pharmacovigilance Expert Network guidance and other industry guidelines that are relevant to pharmacovigilance.
# Application of sound professional judgement to ethical issues.

Workload Management
# Ability to prioritise, plan and organise work with the appropriate sense of urgency based on regulatory requirements and business needs.

Personal skills
# Team management and leadership skills (for team leaders and managers).
# Strategic planning (especially for managers).
# Interpersonal skills.
# Understanding of the needs and priorities of regulatory bodies.
# Use of effective questioning to accurately record safety data.
# Ability to actively listen.
# Teamwork.
# Courteous manner and consideration of others’ views.

Proactivity
# Informing management of important issues as they arise which require their attention.
# Ensuring all company employees and contractors are appropriately trained to capture safety data.
# Actively increasing awareness of Pharmacovigilance requirements to colleagues and third parties in appropriate ways.

Accountability
# Compliance with regulatory requirements.
# Compliance with standard operating procedures and company policies.
# Continuous development
# Developing and improving knowledge and skills.
# Keeping abreast of developments in regulatory requirements.
# Developing the role in line with regulatory requirements and the company’s needs.
# Identifying and implementing improvements in ways of working – for self and for team/department.

PRECLINICAL SAFETY ASSESSMENT AND PHARMACOVIGILANCE 7.5 C

The past decade has seen a rise in the numbers of people working in the field of drug safety and pharmacovigilance. This trend is likely to continue and reflects a greater focus on the safety of medicines. This introductory course in Preclinical Safety Assessment and Pharmacovigilance is organized by the Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences at Uppsala University in collaboration with the Uppsala Monitoring Centre at The World Health Organization.

This is a half-time web-based course during 10 weeks. This corresponds to 20 hours work per week and requires a commitment to engage in all assignments.
This web-based course encompasses safety aspects in all phases of drug development and drug use. We will discuss the safety of drug candidates and new pharmaceuticals based on toxicity studies as well as on clinical trials. We will also review risk / benefit assessment of drugs and the safe use of medicines. There is no need to physically attend the university for any sessions or examination and the language of instruction is English. A web-based teaching platform (the Student Portal) will be used. The course includes video lectures, five mandatory individual assignments, three mandatory group assignments and a final web-based examination.
The course is given twice a year, in the beginning of each semester. Apply online. The April admission round starts in the middle of March and ends 15 April. The October admission round starts in the middle of September and ends 15 October. The next course starts 1 September and finishes 9 November, 2014. For more detailed information about the course click here.

INTERVIEW FOR PHARAMACOVIGILANCE IN CONGNIZANT Quintiles TCS

ROUND 1: HR will ask you to speak something about yourself and he will analyze your accent and style of English .
TIP TO FACE THIS ROUND: before attending prepare SD very well without getting struck and with good accent .
ROUND 2: mostly they won’t conduct group discussion but sometimes they may conduct .it’s also bit easy just you need to open mouth and should speak something relavent to topic with good accent
ROUND 3: In this round you need to write online English ,logical Aptitude test time will be 45 mins for each set (Exam will be in the micromax Tabs)
TIP TO FACE THIS ROUND: ENGLISH APTITUDE :Prepare English Grammar ,question will be like jumbling words, passages, prepositions, vocabulary etc..(45mins)
NUMERICAL APTITUDE: coding and decoding its very simple search and find in the google how to prepare coding and decoding , small logical calculations, family relations questions etc..
ROUND 4: (HR AND TECHNICAL) ;Need to perform with good accent in English with confidant in HR round they won’t ask any technical questions ,if you have any experience they will ask about your previous work experience and company.
TECHINICAL: they don’t ask much from our core pharmacy you need to prepare pharmacovigilance topics and basic pharmacology.
NOTE: main matter to get pharmacovigilnce job in congnizant (voice process) is you have to perform with good English accent .

Hope this article provided you the information you need regarding the Cognizant Pharmacovigilance Interview Questions along with TCS CTS walk in for M.Pharmacy and B pharmacy Freshers. Generally the Pharmacovigilance in TCS & CTS will conduct interviews on a regular basis, so you need to be cautious and attentive to their announcements.