Hello readers. Here are the Important Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Acts & Years which are considered to be precious in Pharmacy Acts And Regulations. These are must for all the Pharmacist & Pharma Students in India and other countries. Here we present important acts and developments in pharmacy profession in India. Important acts and developments of pharmaceutical Jurisprudence are arranged in timeline for better understanding.
Very Important Pharmacy Acts:
Medicinal and Toilet preparations (Excise duties) Act 1955
Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic substances Act 1985 and Rules
Drug Price Control Order 1995
Drugs and CosmeticsAct, 1940
Essential Commodities Act, 1955
Patent act 1970
The PharmacyAct, 1948
Drug and Magic Remedies Act (Objectionable Advertisements) 1954.
Medical Termination of pregnancy Act 1970 and Rules1975.
Prevention of cruelty to animals Act 1960.
Factories Act 1948.
Minimum wages Act 1948.
Consumer protection Act with respect to pharmaceutical services
1949- Pharmacy Council of India (P.C.I.) was established under Pharmacy Act 1948
National Pharmaceutical policy 2002
Medical Termination of Pregnancy act 1971
Drugs and CosmeticsAct, 1940
As per the recommendations of DEC, to control the import, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs and cosmetics, Drugs and CosmeticsAct, 1940 came into existence.
What is Pharmacy ACT about?
The PharmacyAct, 1948. The need of the qualified and trained pharmacists and their registration to respective Councils was re-emphasized by the Health and Development Committee, 1945 constituted under the Chairmanship of Justice Bhore. The foundations were laid for The Pharmacy Act based on the recommendations of Drugs Enquiry Committee and Health Survey and Development Committee. The Pharmacy Act, 1948, came into existence with the objective to regulate the profession and business of pharmacy.
Drugs and Magic Remedy (ObjectionableAdvertisements)Act, 1954
The uncontrolled and unrestricted advertisements related to drugs and medicines were freely published making obscene, false and exaggerated claims for their medicines. Hence, Drugs and Magic Remedy (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954 came into existence with the objective to control and prohibit such advertisements of drugs which makes false claim for the drug or which gives the misleading information about the drug.
Medicinal and Toilet PreparationsAct, 1955
Alcohol is the important solvent in pharmaceutical industry. Each State had different sets of excise rules and different rates of duties on alcohol. To provide for the levy and uniform collection of duties of excise on the medicinal and toilet preparations, Medicinal and Toilet PreparationsAct, 1955 came into existence.
Timeline of Pharmacy Regulations
1930: Government of India on 11th August 1930 , appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Late Col. R.N.Chopra to see into the problems of Pharmacy in India and recommend the measures to be taken.
1931: R.N. Chopra committee published its report in 1931. It was reported that a set of people known as compounders were filling the gap.
1932: Just after the publication of the report Prof. M. L. Schroff (Prof. Mahadeva Lal Schroff) initiated pharmaceutical education at the university level in the Banaras Hindu University. The Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology (Formerly Department of Pharmaceutics) was established in 1932 in BHU.
1935: In 1935 United Province Pharmaceutical Association was established which later converted into Indian Pharmaceutical Association.
1939: The Indian Journal of Pharmacy was started by Prof. M.L. Schroff in 1939.
1940: All India Pharmaceutical Congress Association was established in 1940.
1940: Drug and cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945
The primary objective of the Act is to ensure that the drugs and cosmetics sold in India are safe, effective and conform to prescribed quality standards. The Drugs Act was formulated in 1940 in pursuance of recommendations of Chopra Committee constituted in 1930 by Government of India.
1940: Central Drugs Laboratory was established in Calcutta
1941: The first Drugs Technical Advisory Board (D.T.A.B.) under this Drugs act 1940 was constituted.
1948: Pharmacy Act 1948
An Act to regulate the education and profession of pharmacy. Constitution of national pharmacy council and state pharmacy councils for the aforesaid purpose.
1948: Indian Pharmacopoeial Committee was constituted under the chairmanship of late Dr. B.N. Ghosh.
1949: Pharmacy Council of India (P.C.I.) was established under Pharmacy Act 1948.
1954: The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954.
This act control advertisement of Drugs In India. It prohibit advertisement of magical remedies. It also prohibit advertisement for the cure of certain disease conditions.
1955: First Edition of Indian Pharmacopoeia was published.
1955: The Medicinal & Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act 1955
It is an Act with provision for levy and collection of excise duties on medicinal and toilet preparations containing alcohol, opium, Indian hemp (cannabis) or other narcotic drugs.
1960: The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960
1971: Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971
Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) (Amendment) Bill, 2020. The Bill seeks to extend the termination of pregnancy period from 20 weeks to 24 weeks, making it easier for women to safely and legally terminate an unwanted pregnancy.
1985: The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 1985
1995: Drugs Price control Order 1995
The objective of DPCO is to ensure availability of essential and life saving and prophylactic medicine of good quality at the reasonable prices. For the purpose of implementing provisions of DPCO, powers have been vested in NPPA.
2005: With the establishment of WTO and India being signatory to the Agreement on TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), several new legislations were passed for the protection of intellectual property rights to meet the international obligations. Patents Act, 1970 has been amended in the year 1995, 1999, 2002 and 2005 to meet its obligations under the TRIPS agreement. Thus, the Patent Amendment Act, 2005 is now fully in force and operative.
2008: Guidelines for Taking Action on Samples of Drugs Declared Spurious or Not of Standard Quality In The Light of Enhanced Penalties under The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 2008
2011: The National Commission for Human Resources for Health Bill, 2011
2015: New Pharmacy Practice rules 2015 seek to address the rights of pharmacists. These regulation allow concept of Pharma clinic and finally gives pharmacists their rightful role in healthcare.
2019: CPA, Consumer protection Act First came in India in 1986, New act came in 2019
Tell me about Drugs and Price Control Order:
Drugs and Price Control Order, 1970
Drugs and Price Control Order, 1970 came into existence to fix the maximum sale price of bulk drugs and to fix the retail sale price of the formulations in order to avoid the huge profiteering in drug manufacturing and distribution. The prices of life saving drugs were brought under direct control of Government.