Drug Inspector, GPAT, NIPER, Bpharm, Mpharm study material
We help with the Admissions info. Information related to B pharmacy M pharmacy PhD admissions here in India in Individual States and also Masters in Pharmacy abroad like US UK Canada Australia Germany.
Admissions category deals with B pharm M pharm PhD admissions and with great articles on colleges universities along with the reviews. See here the below articles.
Germany has much to offer as a place to study .Internationally recoginized qualification such as Bachalors & masters .
TOP PHARMACY COLLEGES CHENNAI -10 BEST MADRAS PHARMA UNIVERSITIES TN TAMIL NADU. It has Best Madras Pharma Universities TN Tamil Nadu. Top Pharmacy Colleges In Chennai Chennai, which is the capital city of Tamil Nadu is one of the advanced cities of the country.
10 TOP PHARMACY COLLEGES IN INDIA TO CHOOSE – BEST LIST B PHARMACY M PHARMA 2018. It has Top 10 Pharmacy Colleges in India Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Top Pharmacy Colleges In India Out of many professional under graduation courses, Pharma is one such course that is studied by many aspirants all around the globe.
LIST OF US UNIVERSITIES OFFERING PHARM.D. DEGREE PROGRAM – UNITED STATES. Best list of US Universities offering Pharm.D. Degree Program – United States Here we present List of US Universities offering Pharm.D. Degree Program in United States of America. This list will definitely help you .
WHICH COUNTRIES OFFER BEST SALARIES 4 PHARMACY GRADUATES? – PHARMA SCOPE
Do you know Which countries offer Best salaries for Pharmacy Graduates? – Pharma Scope Why do you want to know which countries will offer best salaries for pharmacy graduates? or which one pays you well? Pharmacy is one of the best and popular proffession.
PHARMACY TECHNICIAN SCHOOLS – PHARMACY TECH SCHOOL. Know about Pharmacy Technician Schools. Do you know Why to go to Pharmacy Technician Schools? Like the rest of the health care industry, the market for pharmacy technicians is expected to increase.
B.PHARMACY & M. PHARMACY PROJECTS: TOPICS FOR PROJECT WORK OF PHARMACOLOGY STUDENTS.B.Pharmacy & M. Pharmacy Projects: Topics for project work of Pharmacology students are here today for you to help you a little bit in your academics .
TOP 10 PHARMACY COLLEGES IN DELHI – B & M PHARMACY SUBJECTS.Best Pharmacy Colleges in Delhi -B Pharma & M Pharmacy Subjects Top 10 Pharmacy Colleges in Delhi: A bachelor of pharmacy is an undergraduate academic degree in the field of pharmacy.
MANIPAL UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS – HOW TO APPLY BPHARM, MPHARM, PHARMDComplete review on Manipal admissions. ENTRANCE EXAM ALERT One of India’s most prestigious and reputed universities has opened the admissions for this academic year.
SCOPE OF PHARMD IN INDIA
Before taking the admission let us know What is the Scope of PharmD in India. SCOPE OF PHARM D IN INDIA Pharmacists are higher salaried professionals in US and other foreign countries, where pharmacists are allowed to practice clinical Pharmacy.
PHARMAWIKI UNIVERSITY SURVEY study pharmacy abroad US UK Dear Visitor, In accordance with our aim of providing free and precise information to our readers, we have decided to collect information about various Universities.What do you want to study? B.Pharm M.pHarm Pharm D M.Pharm/ M.S. Admission is in your hands with our information.
TOEFL – AN OVERVIEW A must for Admission into Masters of Pharmacy. What Is the TOEFL iBT Test? The TOEFL iBT test measures your ability to use and understand English at the university level.
LIST OF UNIVERSITIES IN CANADA AND THEIR WEBSITES
University of Alberta, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Edmonton, Alberta University of British Columbia, Faculty of Pharmaceutical More is list is here in this category.
LIST OF PHARMACY SCHOOLS IN AUSTRALIA AND THEIR WEBSITES
Australian College of Pharmacy Practice, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia University of Canberra Pharmacy Program, Bruce, more.
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN AUSTRALIA AND APPLICATION PROCEDURE
Australian Qualification Framework (AQF) Australia has an integrated nationwide system of qualifications, known as the Australian Qualification Framework.
WHY STUDY IN AUSTRALIA?
While overseas study is expensive, Australia is more affordable than most other destinations and offers a high standard of quality education, excellent living
LIST OF PHARMACY SCHOOLS IN GERMANY AND THEIR WEBSITES Here is the top List of Pharmacy Schools in Germany and their Websites which you can go through.Every schools prepare students in the different
LIST OF PHARMACY SCHOOLS IN CANADA AND THEIR WEBSITES
University of British Columbia, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vancouver, British Columbia University of Manitoba,
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN CANADA
Canadian Education System Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (States)
WHY STUDY IN CANADA?
Canada plays host to more than 180,000 International students in any given year. Increasingly, Canada is becoming the country of choice for students from all
LIST OF PHARMACY SCHOOLS IN USA AND THEIR WEBSITES + BUSINESS SCHOOLS
List of Pharmacy Schools in USA and their Websites Best Pharmacy Schools in USA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Here is the list of top and best Pharmacy schools in US to pursue your career to have a bright future
Tod we will discuss HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET in the recent examinations. All the public service commissions and other government private and entrance examination are likely to follow the same pattern of OMR marking answering system for the evaluation. I think this is the best evaluation and one need to be very careful while filling up the form. So, We thought to publish an article on your favorite pharmawiki.in to help all the students and other aspirants to have a safe practice while attempting your examinations.
HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams
First let us start with a picture of Sample OMR sheet. Have a look at it keenly.
Sample OMR Sheet
INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet
Fill boxes in BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.
Darken the circles by BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.
Do not write anything else on this OMR sheet.
Darken the circles only like this.
EXAMPLE: IF YOUR ROLL NO IS “06393” YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW
SET CODE IS “D”
IF YOUR QUESTION SET CODE IS “D” YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW
DATE OF BIRTH
IF YOUR DATE OF BIRTH IS 06/05/1997 YOU MUST DARKEN AS SHOWN BELOW
This is another important section for you to concentrate and do the work. You need to fill the bubble with right date of birth if not you may be out as it can be a reason for your disqualification in the examination you are giving right now for your better career prospects. So be careful while filling your entire OMR sheet.
IMPORTANT POINTS : 1. “SET CODE” -AS MENTIONED IN THE QUESTION PAPER. 2. 5 (FIVE) DIGIT WRITTEN ROLL NUMBER -AS MENTIONED IN PERFORMANCE -CUM-IDENTITY CARD 3. DATE OF BIRTH – As mentioned in the application form
I hope our article “HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams” helped you to a small extent before you take up any offline competitive exams. This is a small guide to the instructions for filling the omr sheet without any mistake as our exams are very important to us. All the best my friends and I wish you all the very best for all your future endeavors. May God Bless.
Here Pharmawiki is presenting last day revision for all the aspirants of different pharmacist examinations like NAPLEX FPGEE OSPAP KAPS PEBC Pharmacist Exam. You can consider it as a Quick Revision on Pharmacology subject which will help you to qualify and score well in these examinations. This tiny Guide will surely help you to assess your exam preparation level.
NAPLEX FPGEE OSPAP KAPS PEBC Exam Quick Revision
1. venous ulcer treatment > exclude arteriopathy (eg ABPI), control oedema, prevent infection, compression bandaging. 2. Cushings – Diagnosis: 24hr urinary free cortisol. Addisons > short synacthen. 3. Rash on buttocks – Dermatitis herpetiformis (coeliac dx). 4. AF with TIA > Warfarin. Just TIA’s with no AF > Aspirin 5. Herpes encephalitis > temporal lobe calicification OR temporoparietal attentuation – subacute onset i.e. Several days. 6. Obese woman, papilloedema/headache > Benign Intercanial Hypertention. 7. Drug induced pneumonitis > methotrexate or amiodarone. 8. chest discomfort and dysphagia > achalasia. 9. foreign travel, macpap rash/flu like illnes > HIV acute. 10. cause of gout > dec urinary excretion. 11. bullae on hands and fragule SKIN torn by minor trauma > porphyria cutanea tarda. 12. Splenectomy > need pneumococcal vaccine AT LEAST 2 weeks preop and for life. 13. primary hrperparathyroidism > high Ca, normal/low PO4, normal/high PTH (in elderly). 14. middle aged man with KNEE arthritis > gonococcal sepsis (older people > Staph). 15. sarcoidosis, erythema nodosum, arthropathy > Loffgrens syndrome benign, no Rx needed. 16. TREMOR postural,slow progression,titubation, relieved by OH> benign essential TREMOR AutDom. (MS – titbation, PD – no titubation) 17. electrolytes disturbance causing confusion – low/high Na.
FPGEE | National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
18. contraindications lung Surgery > FEV dec bp 130/90, Ace inhibitors (if proteinuria analgesic induced headache. 21. 1.5 cm difference btwn kidneys > Renal artery stenosis > Magnetic resonance angiogram. 22. temporal tenderness> temporal arteritis > steroids > 90% ischaemic neuropathy, 10% retinal art occlusion. 23. severe retroorbital, daily headache, lacrimation > cluster headache. 24. pemphigus – involves mouth (mucus membranes), pemphigoid – less serious NOT mucosa. 25. diagnosis of polyuria > water deprivation test, then DDAVP. 26. insulinoma > 24 hr supervised fasting hypoglycaemia. 27. Diabetes Random >7 or if >6 OGTT (75g) > >11.1 also seen in HCT. 28. causes of villous atrophy: coeliac (lymphocytic infiltrate), Whipples , dec Ig, lymphoma, trop sprue (rx tetracycline). 29. diarrhoea, bronchospasm, flushing, tricuspid stenosis > gut carcinoid c liver mets. 3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 https://www.facebook.com/groups/51506029930/permalink/10155082909759931/ 2/5 30. hepatitis B with general deterioration > hepaocellular carcinoma. 31. albumin normal, total protein high > myeloma (hypercalcaemia, electrophoresis). 32. HBSag positive, HB DNA not detectable > chornic carier. 33. Inf MI, artery invlived > Right coronary artert.
NAPLEX Exam guide
34. Aut dom conditions: Achondroplasia, Ehler Danlos, FAP, FAMILIAL hyperchol,Gilberts, Huntington’s, Marfans’s, NFT I/II, Most porphyrias, tuberous sclerosis, vWD, PeutzJeghers. 35. X linked: Beck/Duch musc dyst, alports, Fragile X, G6PD, Haemophilia A/B. 36. Loud S1: MS, hyperdynamic, short PR. Soft S1: immobile MS, MR. 37. Loud S2: hypertension, AS. Fixed split: ASD. Opening snap: MOBILE MS, severe near S2. 38. HOCM/MVP inc by standing, dec by squating (inc all others). HOCM inc by valsalva, decs all others. Sudden death athlete, FH, Rx. Amiodarone, ICD. 39. MVP sudden worsening post MI. Harsh systolic murmur radites to axilla. 40. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: OH, bp, thiamine/selenium deficiency, MD, cocksackie/HIV, preg, doxorubicin, infiltration (HCT, sarcoid), tachycardia. 41. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: sclerodermma, amyloid, sarcoid, HCT, glycogen storage, Gauchers, fibrosis, hypereosinophilia Lofflers, caracinoid, malignancy, radiotherapy, toxins. 42. Tumor compressing Respiratory tract > investigation: flow volume loop. 43. Guillan Barre syndrome: check VITAL CAPACITY. 44. Horners – sweating lost in upper face only – lesion proximal to common carotid artery. 45. Internuclear opthalmoplegia: medial longitudinal fasciculus connects CN nucleus 34. Ipsilateral adduction palsy, contralateral nystagmus. Aide memoire (TRIES TO YANK THE ipsilateral BAD eye ACROSS THE nose ). Convergence retraction nystagmus, but convergence reflex is normal. Causes: MS, SLE, Miller fisher, overdose(barb, phenytoin, TCA), Wernicke. 46. Progressive Supranuclear palsy: Steel Richardson. Absent voluntary downward gaze, normal dolls eye . i.e. Occulomotor nuclei intact, supranuclear Pathology .
The Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) Exam
47. Perinauds syndrome: dorsal midbrain syndrome, damaged midrain and superior colliculus: impaired upgaze (cf PSNP), lid retraction, convergence preserved. Causes: pineal tumor, stroke, hydrocephalus, MS. 48. demetia, gait abnormaily, urinary incontinence. Absent papilloedema> Normal pressure hydrocephalus. 49. acute red eye > acute closed angle glaucoma >> less common (ant uveitis, scleritis, episcleritis, subconjuntival haemmorrhage). 50. wheeles, URTICARIA , drug induced > aspirin. 3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 https://www.facebook.com/groups/51506029930/permalink/10155082909759931/ 3/5 51. sweats and weight gain > insulinoma. 52. diagnostic test for asthma > morning dip in PEFR >20%. 53. Causes of SIADH : chest/cerebral/pancreas Pathology , porphyria, malignancy, Drugs (carbamazepine, chlorpropamide, clofibrate, atipsychotics, NSAIDs, rifampicin, opiates) 54. Causes of Diabetes Insipidus: Cranial: tumor, infiltration, trauma Nephrogenic: Lithium, amphoteracin, domeclocycline, prologed hypercalcaemia/hypornatraemia, FAMILIAL X linked type 55. bisphosphonates:inhibit osteoclast activity, prevent steroid incduced osteoperosis (vitamin D also). 56.returned from airline flight, TIA> paradoxical embolus do TOE. 57. alcoholic, given glucose develops nystagmus > B1 deficiency (wernickes). Confabulation> korsakoff. 58. monoartropathy with thiazide > gout (neg birefringence). NO ALLOPURINOL for acute. 59. painful 3rd nerve palsy > posterior communicating artery aneurysm till proven otherwise 60 late complication of scleroderma > pumonaryhypertention plus/minus fibrosis. 61. causes of erythema mutliforme: lamotrigine 62. vomiting, abdominal pain, hypothyroidism > Addisonian crisis (TFT typically abnormal in this setting DO NOT give thyroxine). 63. mouth/genital ulcers and oligarthritis > behcets (also eye /SKIN lesions, DVT) 64. mixed drug overdose most important step > Nacetylcysteine (time dependent prognosis) 65. cavernous sinus syndrome 3rd nerve palsy, proptosis, periorbital swlling, conj injectn 66. asymetric parkinsons > likely to be idiopathic 67. Obese, NIDDM female with abnormal LFT’s > NASH (nonalcoholic steatotic hepatitis) 68. fluctuating level of conciousness in elderly plus/minus deterioration > chronic subdural. Can last even longer than 6 months 69. Sensitivity > TP/(TP plus FN) e.g. For SLE ANA highly sens, dsDNA:highly specific 70. RR is 8%. NNT is > 100/8 > 50/4 > 25/2 > 13.5
Australian Pharmacy Council
71. ipsilateral ataxia, Horners, contralateral loss pain/temp > PICA stroke (lateral medulary syndrome of Wallenburg) 72. renal stones (80% calcium, 10% uric acid, 5% ammonium (proteus), 3% other). Uric acid and cyteine stone are radioluscent. 73. hyperprolactinaemia (allactorrohea, amenorrohea, low FSH/LH) > Da antags (metoclopramide, chlorpromazine, cimetidine NOT TCA’s), pregnancy, PCOS, pit tumor/microadenoma, stress. 74. Distal, asymetric arthropathy > PSORIASIS 3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 https://www.facebook.com/groups/51506029930/permalink/10155082909759931/ 4/5 75. episodic headache with tachycardia > phaeochromocytoma 76. very raised WCC > ALWAYS think of leukaemia.
77. Diagnosis of CLL > immunophenotyping NOT cytogenetics, NOT bone marrow 78. Prognostic factors for AML > bm karyotype (good/poor/standard) >> WCC at diagnosis. 79. pancytopenia with raised MCV > check B12/folate first (other causes possble, but do this FIRST). Often associayed with phenytoin use > decreased folate 80. miscariage, DVT, stroke > LUPUS anticoagulant > lifelong anticoagulation 81. Hb elevated, dec ESR > polycythaemua (2ndry if paO2 low) 82. anosmia, delayed puberty > Kallmans syndrome (hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism) 83. diag of PKD > renal US even if think anorexia nervosa 85. commonest finding in G6PD hamolysis > haumoglobinuria 86. mitral stenosis: loud S1 (soft s1 if severe), opening snap.. Immobile valve > no snap.
PEBC Guide to Pharmacist
87. Flank pain, urinalysis:blood, protein > renal vein thrombosis. Causes: nephrotic syndrome, RCC, amyloid, acute pyelonephritis, SLE (atiphospholipid syndrome which is recurrent thrombosis, fetal loss, dec plt. Usual cause of cns manifestations assoc with LUPUS ancoagulant, anticardiolipin ab) 88. anaemia in the elderly assume GI malignancy 89. hypothermia, acute renal failure > rhabdomyolysis (collapse assumed) 90. pain, numbness lateral upper thigh > meralgia paraesthesia (lat cutaneous nerve compression usally by by ing ligament) 91. diagnosis of haemochromatosis: screen with Ferritin, confirm by tranferrin saturation, genotyping. If nondiagnostic do liver biopsy 0.3% mortality 92. 40 mg hidrocortisone divided doses (bd) > 10 mg prednisolone (ie. Prednislone is x4 stronger) 93. BTS: TB guidlines – close contacts > Heaf test > positive CXR, negative > repeat Heaf in 6 weeks. Isolation not required. 94. Diptheria > exudative pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, cardio and neuro toxicity. 95. Indurated plaques on cheeks, scarring alopecia, hyperkeratosis over hair follicles >> Discoid LUPUS 96. wt loss, malabsoption, inc ALP > pancreatic cancer 97. foreign travel, tender RUQ, raised ALP > liver abscess do U/S 98. wt loss, anaemia (macro/micro), no obvious cause > coeliac (diarrhoea does NOT have to be present) 99. haematuria, proteinuria, best investigation > if glomerulonephritis suspected > renal biopsy
100. Acromegaly – Diagnosis: OGTT followed by GH conc. 101. Malaria, incubation within 3/12. can be relapsing /remitting. Vivax and Ovale (West Africa) longer imcubation. 102. Fever, lymphadenopathy, lymphocytosis, pharygitis > EBV > heterophile antibodies 103. GI bleed after endovascular AAA Surgery > aortoenteric fistula
Pharma universities in MelbourneMelbourne is one of the most primary and well known places in Australia. Melbourne stands as the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria. The city has developed highly and flourished well in terms of availability of various requirements of social life that includes plazas, restaurants, bars, universities, schools, colleges and the list is endless. It truly depicts the cultural heritage of the people living in Australia. Since founded on 30 August 1835, this city has developed itself to a greater extend. To this it has been found that some of Australia’s most well established and more prominent schools, colleges and Universities are based here. Today we try to look at this aspect in a bit detail in relation to some of the best prominent Pharma Universities.
Pharma being one of the most important fields of learning, there are many Universities in Melbourne which helps Pharma student to get their Pharma degree easily. Basically these Universities allow those who are willing to do their Bachelor’s, master or PhD on a particular subject. One of such University available in Melbourne is University of Melbourne. It helps student to obtain their Bachelor’s degree as well as complete their Master in Pharma. It has got high repute and is considered to be one of the finest Universities in Australia providing first class learning experience for the students especially when in consideration of studying pharmacy. Next is the Monash University, Clayton Campus. This is considered to be one of the finest in imparting pharmacy education to the students after Melbourne University. It has got one of the finest batches of teachers who impart education of international standards making them to stands apart from rest. The curriculum in relation to Pharma is excellent and covers wide range of the subject from an overall point of view. It is the second oldest university in the state of Victoria. This University four campuses in Australia and one found in Malaysia. Then there is the Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. This campus is purely dedicated to the students of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. This University purely deals with education in relation to Pharmacy, pharmaceutical and area of concern in relation to this.
Pharma Universities in Melbourne MS Pharmacy Australia
Other than those mentioned here, there are different other Universities in Melbourne which provides the scope for the students to their higher studies in relation to Pharma and dedicate their life to this profession. The most important aspect in relation to this is that most of the Universities have proper curriculum and study materials with learned faculties which maintains a healthy yet a streamline form of education in relation to Pharma and other related field of study.
Pharma is definitely a subject that needs more and more attention and the Universities of Melbourne are working hard for the betterment and improvement of this field of Science. These Universities maintains a strict curriculum and provides world class curriculum in relation to Pharma. Here the University allows only students who are willing to do their Bachelor’s or Masters’ degrees. The amount need to joint the course is very minimal and anybody fulfilling the specific criteria of the University in concern can take up Pharma as a field of study.
According to statistics obtained from different sources, the average pay for a Pharmacist in Australia is AU$32.59 per hour and the average pay for a Pharmacist is around AU$67,960 per year. Thus anybody who wants to take Pharmacy as a career living in Australia and does not know where to start from, then Melbourne can be the best place to start with.
Required Marks Percentage You Need To Maintain In B. Pharmacy Course: Student life is the most crucial period of tenacity as it lays the foundation of a person and trains them for the next phase of life. It is that time of life where one has to run marathon imbibing the habit of studying, playing and vigorous activities. The phase that reflects unstoppable vitality and full of life-force is found in student life. Hence naturally the performance of the students put a measure in the marks by evaluating their strength of knowledge. If you are in the B. Pharmacy course; it means you have to take up learning in form of several labs, theory papers with its simultaneous internal and external examinations much like the boards of 10th and intermediate previously. At that time, the attitude everyone carry is to get very good marks to improve and fulfill your future goals. Here you don’t have marks for the semester examinations, in this case, what you are to take care of is the required percentage of marks you need to maintain. This is true everyone will try to get good marks as this characteristic is more seen for above average and topper students. To be honest toppers in the intermediate are also present in B. Pharmacy now because some of them didn’t get the seat in MBBS, BDS or Agricultural BSc in government universities/colleges. Here primarily your grade in each subject is provided based on the summation of marks obtained under each head of the examination of Theory and Practical including the External Examinations. The Theory and practical components of the same course shall be considered as a separate head.
How much percentage of marks one should aim for?
There is no bound for earning marks as a student. Before digging into a general classification for the percentage of marks let us know about the divisions. The Distinction is defined as (75% above), the First division is (60 to 75%), second division is (50 to 60%) and the Third division is (35 to 50%). Observing the job opportunity scenario, there is no much difference between a 90% marks student and 75% marks student. The eligibility for all of the opportunities for a B. Pharmacy student does not require distinction marks profile throughout the course. In fact for any student getting the distinction marks would be extra. Maintaining the minimum first class percentage in B. Pharmacy is mandatory and is recommendable for every student, irrespective of the category and reservation. Generally for open category students one needs to maintain a minimum 60% (first class), and for other categories, there may an exemption, it may be given 55% in most of the cases. There is no such need to maintain above 80% of marks to get through the course. But if you are capable of doing that you can always aim for higher marks like as you did in your previous curriculum in schools. To maintain subtle marks in B. Pharmacy isn’t that tough and more or less everyone who takes admission clears the papers!
Percentage required by B.Pharmacy students to join, Minimum marks required in Pharmacy degree to get.
How To Score Distinction Marks Percentage In B. Pharmacy?
As we know that like every other course, in B.Pharmacy too, the distinction marks come with a percentage of 75% and above in aggregate inclusive of all the subjects. B. Pharmacy percentage is calculated at the end of the final year by adding marks scored in all the 8 semesters of 4 years. Getting more marks involves several factors like if you are getting favor from the college your marks in the internal examinations will be high that would definitely raise your marks percentage along with the final examinations marks. In one university, getting 85% marks is easier than the getting of 70% marks in another university. However, considering the field of Pharmacy to be very innovative that involves sound creative thinking.
We can suggest a few steps to score well as getting distinction marks percentage:
Refer to the previous exam papers thoroughly to find the FAQ.
List out the topics by identifying the important chapters from exam point of view
Maintain your personalized notes using reference books and the internet then add additional current researches or innovations in it.
Considering a question set to be attempted for the stipulated exam divide the time and get an idea of how to invest time per answer based upon the weight-age.
Sit for self-made mock tests, try and write the answer in a limited time frame. Practice and repeat until you feel confident enough to score more.
Let’s check the strategy to be followed in the B. Pharmacy
The strategy of gaining marks varies in accord to university regulations; some may be strict or lucid. It would not matter in which semester you got more or fewer marks as they consider your percentage as a whole. Therefore if you want to score distinction marks try to concentrate on getting more marks up to the time of the first semester of the third year. If you are a GPAT exam aspirant then this is a bonus for you because this time onwards is best to start taking coaching that helps a lot in the preparation. Not only that you can also cover a few common subjects from the academic syllabus which are also present in the next semester. This is true that it depends on several factors to earn the distinction in B. Pharmacy nevertheless a lack of interest is not going to help you score good marks be it pharmacy or any other field.
Percentage required by B.Pharmacy students to join, Minimum marks required in Pharmacy degree to get
If your question is How to get pharmacy higher education in Australia? You will get answer here.Getting higher education of a subject of your choice can be pretty easy in Australia. You need to fulfill at least the minimal criteria that have been particularly mentioned by the Australian Education Ministry. Providing the same you can easily get your higher education here in Australia. Now to become a pharmacist in Australia firstly you need to complete a tertiary degree in pharmacy. The tertiary degree basically means getting a graduate or bachelor degree in minimum. Bachelor degree from one of the University from Australia or the course that you have past must have proper recognition and approved by the Australian Education Ministry on a whole. The degree can also be a master degree from Australia or approved by the education ministry as well. Now once you have simply fulfilled the minimum criteria required then you need to look out for other higher courses involving it. Today we look at the way to receive higher education in Australia in relation to pharmacy in short and precise way.
There are number of good pharmacy schools in Australia from where you can able to achieve your higher education in pharmacy. First, there is the University of Sydney. They have the course-offering master of pharmacy program to students for those willing to go with it. It is a two-year full time program. Then there is Curtin University, which offers Master degree course in Clinical pharmacy for those who have successfully completed their bachelor degree in the same. Next comes the University of Queensland, the Griffith University which offers a 18 month full time program for studying pharmacy. University of Canberra also provides the same. Now in order to do higher studies with Pharmacy and eventually get a pharmacist degree requires some time. Now in terms of money that you require in order to study pharmacy is AU$20,000 (US$14,400) to $37,000 (US$26,600) for. This is obtained from the official government site of Australia. In order to do higher studies in pharmacy one needs to first earn a undergraduate degree completing his or her secondary examination. Once it has been obtained, the student is eligible for applying for the bachelor degree course as per the rule laid by the government. Completing the bachelor degree program would provide the pathway for getting yourself enrolled to the Master Degree Program especially designed for pharama students to do higher studies. A full completion of the master degree will take up to two years generally. Now once master degree is completed the government of Australia (the Education Ministry) has programmed a 48 week paid internship. One needs to complete this in order to earn a repute of pharmacist. Now in order to complete this full course, ie in order to become a pharmacist and earn a degree in Australia it would require at least six years in total to complete.
How to Get Pharmacy Higher Education in Australia?
Now in order to study with pharmacy getting the right subject combination is very important and essential. This includes English language, Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology and a trade subject in total.
Being a pharmacist in Australia can provide you with a handsome income on an overall basis. The charges are quite decent and the expected income is higher than usually assumed. According to stats obtained on an average the earning ranges typically between $122,229 and $138,781. Thus looking at this earning potential, one can simply look out for a higher education in Pharmacy if residing in Australia. The work not only will provide a good earning potential but also will provide a decent repute in society as well.
Well, this question is to be answered in terms of relativity. This is because there is no benchmark of inference to conclude. To some, it may appear easy to some it may appear hard. Actually, in a broader sense, we can say that no course is easy or tough if you are willing to study it. Therefore to get pass marks would not be a matter of concern for you. In your formative years, if you have had good teachers, then you can develop interest. If you harbour an interest in a particular subject then it becomes easy for you. Mainly students having an inclination towards B group of science join the pharmacy stream. On this note, subjects such as remedial mathematics; biostatistics can be hard for some. Since it covers almost every field in science we can say it is one of the toughest courses. The ultimatum depends on someone’s hard work, dedication. The one who studies with passion can earn good marks and earning pass marks won’t be tough job for them. In fact, the teachers opine that it is somewhat difficult to fail in B. Pharmacy course. But if you are thinking that can you get pass marks by studying subjects of B. Pharmacy just prior exams, then the answer would undoubtedly be “No”. If you assume ‘easy’ means lesser portion, then also the answer would be no. It is a vast course with lengthy subjects.
Is It Easy To Get Pass Marks In B. Pharmacy? D Pharmacy
Now according to the norms of the B. Pharmacy education in India, the criteria of a passing candidate are as follows:-
To pass the examination in any subject, minimum passing for any component (head) is 40%, subject to the condition of 50% aggregate requirement for semester passing.
Grade in each subject will be calculated based on the summation of marks obtained under each head of the examination of Sessional Theory, External Theory, Sessional Practical and External Practical. Theory and practical component of the same course shall be considered as a separate head.
If a candidate gets more than or equals 50% marks in all heads of the subject it is considered as pass.
If a student gets 40% in some heads/subjects but the aggregate is more than 50% than also student will be passed.
If student aggregate is less than 50% but more than 40% in all heads, then overall semester result is failed. The student has to reappear in the exam to improve aggregate. The candidate can take the remedial exam in the subject with grade (CC/CD). One can take maximum subjects of three and fresh score will always be considered as the latest one.
Pharmacy is the heterogeneous mixture of clinical and industrial subjects related to health sciences. It is the profession responsible for the preparation, dispensing and appropriate use of medication providing services to achieve optimal therapeutic outcomes. As we know that a successful completion of D. Pharm program is necessary for someone to step into the place of a pharmacist. A pharmacist’s job role is to explain the mode and precautions regarding the use of medicines dispensed in a hospital-pharmacy; prepare special formulations normally not available in the market. They also assist the physician in rendering necessary information about incompatibility and contra-indications of various drugs, etc. For these formulations, Pharmacists are required to prepare, mix, compound or dispense drugs and medicines, ointments, powder, pills, tablets and injections on the prescription of a medical practitioner, dentist or veterinarian. In detail, they are concerned with the production of pharmaceutical products, development of the methods or processes of production and quality control.
In India, the higher secondary study is concluded by a higher secondary examination that we known as 10+2 board exams. Entry qualifications and Entry requirements for pharmacy vary across and within states, depending on the program and most significantly, between private and public institutions. Based on the performance of the higher secondary examination all the government colleges take Admission to the first year D. Pharm program. Private colleges complying with the education regulations of the pharmacy council of India (PCI) have their own admission procedures. However, Majority of privately funded institutions do not have a direct formal application processes. The mode of instruction for all pharmacy institutions in India is English. The D. Pharm curriculum is the same throughout the country and is framed through the education regulations of the Pharmacy Act.
During the 1990s, the PCI strove hard for upgrading the minimum qualification for pharmacy registration from D. Pharm to B. Pharm but failed due to lack of consensus. Professional courses in an education sector are a fast-moving commodity in the market and are mainly business oriented nowadays. It is meant to give some profit to the undertaker. Teacher-student teams in a classroom are the equivalent of industry’s front-line workers. Their successful efforts together give rise to the development of the student’s capabilities, interests, and character. Students generally undertake the D. Pharm program as their optional choice of study, having been unable to obtain a place at the college in some degree program of their first choice. Nevertheless, Students those are interested in pursuing a career in the pharmacy field can opt for the admission of D. Pharm initially.
SCHOLARSHIP FOR PHARMACY STUDENTS: A scholarship is a programme that backs up the students with the purpose of helping them through financial aid. The findings say it is targeted to the students mostly who want to study at the tertiary level including Universities and colleges. Many learners drop out after passing the 10th or 12th grade because they cannot afford to pay for tertiary studies due to lack of funds. Their dreams are not fulfilled in spite of earning good marks. Although they meet minimum requirements to be admitted to the university the problem remains if they cannot afford their further studies. The scholarship programme is that aid to bridge the gap.
Normally the scholarships are given to those students who fulfill some of the criteria based on the following parameters:
Merit-based- Merit Scholarships can be awarded based on fulfilling all the criteria including performance in a particular school subject or even club participation or community service.
Need-based- Typically Academic Scholarships use a minimum Grade Point Average or standardized test score such as the ACT or SAT to select awardees.
Athletic- based on the athletic performance of a student Athletic Scholarships are generally applicable and used as a tool to recruit high-performing athletes for their school’s athletic teams.
Student-specific- For some learners/students, Government and Companies want only them to benefit from these programmes. E.g. – South African citizens are covered by the Scholarship programme in SOUTH AFRICAN countries.
Besides these, Scholarships may rely on criteria of Career-specific, College-specific, Branding Scholarships and Creative Contest Scholarships.
Every year scholarships programmes are offered for pharmacy students at all levels in India as well as internationally. In this article, we have discussed solely the scholarships. This is intended thinking towards the meritorious and needy students who are eligible for earning a scholarship. Here we are naming some of the scholarship programmes offered to Pharmacy students:-
APhA Foundation Student Scholarship
NCPA Foundation Scholarships
Postdoctoral Researcher – Radiopharmacy and Molecular Imaging
Blooms The Chemist – John Sidgreaves Scholarship in Pharmacy
PhD Studentship Basic Bioscience
TMA Pai PhD Scholarships at Manipal University in India
RGU School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences International Bursaries in UK
4 HDR Scholarships for Domestic and International Students at UTS in Australia
9. Science Undergraduate Scholarships at University of Strathclyde in UK,
10. Pharos University Scholarships in Egypt
11. Finland University of Helsinki Pharmacy Postdoctoral Research Position
12. Science Undergraduate Scholarships at University of Strathclyde in UK
COSTS COVERAGE BY THE SCHOLARSHIPS
Not all the costs mentioned below are covered by every scholarship programme as each of them has its own costs allocations.
Money for transport will be given to him/her if the student is studying outside the campus or stays at a distant place from the campus.
The money needed by the student to learn from the Institution through lectures, classes, Lab equipment use and smart classes is provided. More or less all the programmes do pay these fees.
Usually, the amount is paid directly to the institution if you are staying inside the campus or hostel, but if you are staying outside the campus money is paid directly into your personal account.
Cost of Study materials including the books, computers, Cell phone, tablets are paid directly to students account.
Andhra Pradesh (AP) is India’s fourth largest state by geographic area of 275,045 km2 and fifth largest by the population as per record. Hyderabad is the capital and largest city of the state with a robust economy. One of India’s primary destinations for investment in industry and human capital is nothing but Hyderabad. Due to the establishment of the large IT cluster in AP, there are some major investments in infrastructures of educational institutes. The state gets benefits from a highly educated workforce belonging to the science, commerce and technological backgrounds. AP has numerous educational institutions, including over 1,300 arts, science, and commerce colleges. Over 1,000 MBA and MCA schools, 226 engineering colleges, 53 medical schools, and one Indian Institute of Technology (in Hyderabad) exist there with prestige. Also, a large number of institutes prevailing in AP is focused on life sciences and pharmacy courses.
Every year 35,000 skilled graduates, including 81,000 engineers and 10,000 management professionals emerge from AP. Overall the state contributes to 23% of all of India’s technology professionals. Additionally, the renowned institutes like the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology and the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology; dedicatedly working in the field life sciences has a huge impact towards the pharmaceutical industry of the state and of the country. To strengthen the pharmaceutical industry the Healthcare institutions have also been supportive.
Here we will check out some such approved colleges that provide D. Pharmacy course in AP.
D Pharmacy Colleges In Andhra Pradesh Telangana
Aurobindo College of Pharmacy, Gangadevipally, Machapur, Geesugonda, Warangal-506 331
Adarsa College of Pharmacy, G.Kothapalli, East Godavari-533 285.
Annamacharya College of Pharmacy, New Boinpally, Rajampet, Kadapa (D.T.) – 516126.
Balaji Institute of Pharmacy. Laknepalli, Narsampet, Warangal-506 331.
Bapatla College of Pharmacy, Bapatla, Guntur-522 101.
Bojjam Narsimhulu College of Pharmacy for Women, Vinaynagar, 17-1-383, Saidabad, Hyderabad -500 059.
Care College of Pharmacy, Oglapur, Atmakur, Warangal-506 006.
of Ph.Sciences, P.G courses “Maharajah College”, Phoolbagh, Vizianagaram.
Samuel George Institute of Ph.Sciences, Markapur, Prakasam(D.T.)
Pulla Reddy College of Pharmacy, Mehdipatnam, Hyderabad-500 028.
Government Polytechnic for Women, K M C(P.O), Warangal-506 007.
Government Polytechnic for Women, Srikakulam-522 005
Government Polytechnic for women, Guntur-522 006
Government Polytechnic for Women, Hindupur-515 202
Government Polytechnic for Women, Kadapa – 516002.
Government Polytechnic for Women, Kakinada-533 003
Government Polytechnic for Women, Nizamabad-503 001.
Government Polytechnic, Masabtank, Hyderabad-500 028
Government Polytechnic, Visakhapatnam.
D Pharmacy Colleges In Telangana
Gokaraju Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Bachupally, Miyapur, Hyderabad-500 050
Hindu College of Pharmacy, Amaravathi Road, Guntur-522002.
J.College of Ph.Sciences, Maheswaram, Rangareddy-501 359.
Janagaon Inst of Ph.Sciences, Yeshwanthpur, Janagaon, Warangal
K L R Pharmacy College, Paloncha, Khammam (D.T.)-507115.
Chandrakala & Beelamkonda Venkateswarlu College of Pharmacy, Burripalem Road, Nelapadu, Tenali-522 201.
D.R Government Polytechnic, Wanaparthy, Mahabubnagar-509103.
Kamala Jaya Rao College of Pharmacy, Burugupudi, Korukonda, Rajahmundry -533 292.
Kamala Nehru Polytechnic for Women, Exhibition Grounds, M j j Road, Nampally, Hyderabad-500 001.
Koringa College of Pharmacy, Korangi, Tallarevu, East Godavari -533 461.
Harwards College of Pharmacy, K.Perumallapuram, East Godavari
Maharajah’s College of Pharmacy, Phoolbagh, Vizianagaram-534 002.
Malineni Lakshmaiah College of Pharmacy, Kanumalla, Singarayakonda, Prakasam-523 101.
Nalanda College of Pharmacy, P.O. Charlapally, Hyd.Road, Nalgonda-508 001.
Nirmala Coll of Pharmacy, Atmakur, Mangalagiri, Guntur -522 503
Nirmala College of Pharmacy, 3/166-A, Madras Road, Puttlampalli, Buddayapalli, Kadapa-516 002.
Vaageswari College of Pharmacy, Beside L.M.D Police Station, Ramakrishna Colony, Karimnagar-505 481.
The major hospital chains of AP include Apollo, Care, Global, Yashodha, Kamineni, Indo-American Cancer Institute, LV Prasad Eye Institute, and the Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences. These hospital chains are not only customers for the pharmaceutical industry but also assist with clinical research for new medications. It is certainly the time to capitalise the available resources to transform the State into a booming economic zone.
According to the Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board (APEDB) GITAM Biotech Centre of Excellence, AP comprises rich resources and there is a need to develop the expertise to meet the growing demand in biotechnology. In a conference held by APEDB, its Vice-Chairman Lanka Srinivas said that 50% of the research in pharmacy is based on biotechnology and that the country will play a key role in the field in the coming years. Hope you liked this D Pharmacy Colleges In Andhra Pradesh Telangana A.P – D Pharm Educational Institutes article.