How to become Pharmacist in Canada from India – Registered Pharmacist Clinical Pharmacy Technician

How to become Pharmacist in Canada from India

The Question answered in this article is How to become Pharmacist in Canada from India
Is this really possible?? I will give you the answer right away without bragging. You cannot be a registered pharmacist or a clinical Pharmacist or Pharmacy technician of Canada while you’re in your country like INDIA. But it is really happy to know that you can start the process of becoming a pharmacist in CANADA from India. Although, to finish this process you have to be actually a resident of the CANADA.

To know about how to become a registered pharmacist in Canada you need to first know about PEBC. Wonder what is PEBC? PEBC is an organization assessing the qualifications and competence of candidates for licensing by pharmacy provincial regulatory authorities in CANADA. To be crisp Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC) is the national certification body for the pharmacy profession in Canada. The PEBC Board evaluates qualifications, develops and administers examinations including a national Qualifying Examination, and issues Certificates of Qualification. how to become a clinical pharmacist in Canada from India
All you need to know is that there’s no connection between taking the exam and having a PR or express entry or anything about immigration, yet, you will need some sort of visa to be able to enter Canada to take the exams, as long as you can enter and be present for the exam at the time, that all that matters for the PEBC

How to become a Registered Pharmacist in Canada for International students/ Immigration

The PEBC Certificate of Qualification for pharmacy technicians is an entry-to-practice licensing requirement in all provinces that have regulated pharmacy technicians. he PEBC Certificate of Qualification for pharmacists is a licensing requirement for entry-to-practice applicants (whether trained in Canada or elsewhere) in all provinces, except Quebec.

How to be Canadian Registered Pharmacist?
If you are from India or any other country, you need to take PEBC Qualifying Examination to become Pharmacist or Pharmacy technician in Canada. The Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC) invites qualified pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to consider participating in the PEBC Qualifying Examination. The PEBC OSCE and OSPE consists of a series of clinical stations designed to assess communication and interpersonal skills and clinical or technical problem solving.
The PEBCQE-Part II for pharmacists is known as an OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Examination) and the PEBCQE-Part II for pharmacy technicians is known as an OSPE (Objective Structured Performance Examination). The exams are held in major Canadian cities, you can find a list on the website.

How to know more information on PEBC Qualifying Examination

Log on to to know more. The PEBC office hours are Monday to Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm Eastern Time, for receiving telephone calls and written correspondence by regular mail, email and fax. PEBC is not available for in-person candidate visits. Application forms may not be delivered in person, to the PEBC office. Note that the office is closed for lunch between 12:00 noon and 1:00 pm Eastern Time and no telephone calls are received during the lunch break.


Pandemic period allowed the Part 1 of the exam to be conducted online.  PEBC’s multiple-choice computer-based testing (CBT) examinations: the Pharmacist Evaluating Examination and Pharmacist/Pharmacy Technician Qualifying Examination – Part I (MCQ).egardless of where they live in Canada or internationally, candidates have the option to take PEBC’s upcoming exams either on-site at a Prometric test centre or by using Prometric’s ProProctor Remote Proctoring Platform. Please check out the official site for more information.

Synthon Approach Course Syllabus & Textbooks

Synthon Approach – (2 Hr/Wk)
Course Objectives
1. To teach the learner to analyse a target structure in order to design a synthetic scheme.
2. To acquire the expertise toward synthesis by the manipulation of both activation methods and selectivity control.
Course Outcomes
1. Learner will also gain confidence for drawing the schematic retrosynthetic pathway from the course.
2. Learner will be able to analyze the retrosynthetic scheme synthesis planning and route analysis for any given target molecule.

1. Definition of retrosynthesis or disconnection approach, synthon, disconnection, synthetic equivalent, functional group interconversion, functional group addition, functional group removal.
2. Guidelines for disconnection
a. Order of events
b. Reversal of polarity
c. Protecting groups

Disconnection of simple alcohols, alkyl halide, ethers, olefins, esters, carboxylic acids,
aldehydes, ketones and amines.
Two group disconnections – 1,2-, 1,3-, 1,4- difunctionalized compounds
Strategies for synthesis of aromatic heterocycles pyrrole, thiophene, furan, pyridine,

4 Design of retrosynthesis of drugs: Paracetamol, benzocaine, sulfadiazine, ibuprofen,
propranolol, nifedipine, isoniazid, ranitidine, diphenhydramine

Synthon Approach Course Syllabus & Textbooks:

1. Designing organic syntheses: A programmed introduction to the synthon approach, Stuart Warren; Wiley India Pvt Ltd., 2012
2. Designing Organic Syntheses: A Programmed Introduction to the Synthon Approach; Stuart Warren; ISBN: 978-0-471-99612-5,
285 pages, January 1991
3. Organic Synthesis the Disconnection Approach, Stuart Warren, 391pages, ISBN 0 471 10161 3 Paper 1982 by John Wiley and Sons
4. Synthesis of Drug, A synthon approach by Radhakrishnan P. Iyer & Anant v. prabhu, 1st Edition, (1985) Sevak Publications,
5. Clayden and Greeves, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University Press (2001)
6. site for solving synthon problems

Cosmeticology Course Syllabus & List of Cosmetics Textbooks


Course Objectives
To provide the learner with knowledge of cosmeticology with respect to the types of formulations, evaluation and regulatory aspects
Course Outcomes
Upon completion of the course, the learner shall be able to:
1. Discuss the various raw materials for cosmetics
2. Understand the toxicological aspects and toxicity testing for cosmetics.
3. Discuss the various cosmetics products w.r.t. raw materials, large scale manufacturing and functional and physicochemical evaluation
4. Know the regulatory guidelines and sensorial assessment for cosmetics

1. General Aspects of Cosmeticology
1.1 Definition of Cosmetics, historical background, classification
Structure of skin, hair, nails, teeth; Regulatory aspects- Schedules to Drug and Cosmetics Rules – M II, S, Q; BIS specifications, Marketing aspects of Cosmetics
1.2 Raw materials including oils, fats, waxes, colours, perfumes, antioxidants, preservatives, surfactants, and water, herbal ingredients (Self study and follow up)
1.4 Toxicology of cosmetics-irritation and sensitization reactions to cosmetics, sensitivity testing and safety aspects
2. Cosmetic formulations: Raw materials, formulation, and functional evaluation of:
a) Skin creams– Cleansing, cold, vanishing, moisturizing, hand and body
products, Face packs, antiacne, antiwrinkle, bleach products
b) Protective preparations- Barrier products; sunscreen, suntan & anti-sunburn
products, insect repellants.
c) Coloured cosmetics-Foundation products, face powders, lipsticks, rouge, eye
cosmetics (Large scale manufacture of lipsticks and face powders, including compact face pwder)
d) Nail specialty products-cuticle softener, nail bleach, nail strengthener, nail whites, nail lacquer
e) Hair care products-Shampoos (including antidandruff & anti lice), hair grooming products [hair setting products, hair sprays, hair tonics, hair conditioners, hair rinses, hair waving & hair straightening products (principles), hair colorants]
f) Depilatories & Shaving products (Wet, Dry & After shave)
g) Oral and personal hygiene preparations-tooth powder, tooth paste, mouth washes, denture cleansers, bath products (soaps, bath salts, bubble baths, shower gels, body washes, anti-perspirants &deodorants
h) Baby toiletries-oils, creams, lotions, shampoos, powders
6. Sensorial evaluation of cosmetics- concept and need, sensory perception, requirements for sensory testing, methods used, interpretation and documentation/representation.

Cosmeticology Text Books:

1. Harry’s Cosmeticology Edited by J.B. Wilkinson and R. J. Moore, Longman Scientific & Technical Publishers
2. Cosmetics Science and Technology, Edited by M.S. Balsam, E. Sagarin, S.D. Gerhon, S.J.Strianse and M.M.Rieger, Volumes 1,2
and 3.Wiley-Interscience, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd.,2008
3. Poucher’s Perfumes, Cosmetics & Soaps, 10th Ed, Editor- Hilda Butler, Klewer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 2000
4. Cosmetic Technology, Ed. By S.Nanda, A. Nanda and R. Khar, Birla Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2007
5. Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology, edited by M. Paye, A.O.Barel, H. I. Maibach, Informa Healthcare USA,Inc. 2007.
6. Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol. 6, Eds. James Swarbrick, James C. Boylan, Marcel Dekker Inc., 1992
7. Kemp S.E., Hollowood T, Hort J., “Sensory evaluation-A practical handbook,” John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
8. Sensory Evaluation Techniques, Fourth Edition, Morten C. Meilgaard, B. Thomas Carr, Gail Vance Civille, CRC Press
9. ISO 13299:2016(en) Sensory analysis — Methodology — General guidance for establishing a sensory profile
10. BIS Guidelines for different cosmetic products.
11. Formulation and function of cosmetics by Jellinek Stephan, Wiley Interscience.

Can I study Pharmacy without Biology or Mathematics?

Can I study Pharmacy without Biology or Mathematics

As per the new rules any student without biology in his or her academic curriculum is eligible to pursue course of pharmacy whether it is b pharm or any other pharma related courses. there are many students  who have a doubtful question “Am I eligible for Pharmacy course after completing intermediate without biology as a part?”

” Is it possible for me to do B.Pharmacy course after completing 12th with maths as primary subject?”.

The answer is YES.

As we all know before D Pharmacy or B Pharmacy cannot be done without having Biology in 10+2 in past. Biology is a compulsory subject to pursue B Pharmacy as they thought Is biology a necessary subject for pursuing these courses in the olden days. but as per new educational system the chance of pursuing pharmacy education after maths is allowed with a whole heart and the students are encouraged to pursue their favorite path.

To study pharmacy, which subject is required to study in 10+2?

maths or biology both are eligible now to pursue pharmacy education if you are really interested in studying pharmacy.

Any SCIENCE stream combination of Physics ,chemistry, biology or mathematics in your 10+2 will allow you to apply for the universities and colleges of pharmacy.

Types of Pharmacy Education:

In pharmacy education there are 3 types of courses available.

  • D. Pharmacy :: its a 2 years diploma program.
  • B Pharmacy :: its a 4 years degree program .
  • Pharm D:: its 6 years long doctoral level course.


D PHARMACY is a two year diploma program for the students to pursue pharma education. students who completed their senior secondary education or intermediate education 10th or 12th classes are eligible to apply for these courses. as the name mentions it is diploma course which teaches dispensing pharmacy and pharmacology as main subjects.



B Pharmacy is a four year course which is offered by different universities in different colleges. In this 4 years course students are are recommended to learn dispensing manufacturing synthesis compounding and many more things about medicines. The students who completed their B Pharmacy can work in different it retails and Hospital pharmacies and also so different pharmaceutical industries and different positions. The scope for this b Pharmacy is is is wide open two different opportunities.


Form D is a a professional doctorate of Pharmacy course which is 6 Year program of pharmacy. The students need to pursue their six years course to finish their academics and they will be called as doctors in their suffix. There is a bright future for this but a narrow lane of opportunities are visible in our country. The scope for this pharm D is really good in abroad.



Top Canada Pharmacy Universities-REVIEWS How to Select?

10 best Canada universities

Are you planning to study pharmacy in Canada this article gives you whole idea all about the top colleges and top Canadian universities which provides pharmacy education. This article will surely help you to choose a University if you are considering Canada as an option for your higher studies. There are almost 10 universities which provide best education in pharmacy. Really want to do your under graduation or project post graduation you need to consider few points before you select your University.

  1. Let us discuss now things you need to to keep in your mind before actually trying to decide on a University.
    1. Which course you want to take is it undergraduate Bachelor of Pharmacy or doctorate of Pharmacy course or you want to complete your masters or a post graduate diploma in pharmacy subjects.
  2. 2. You need to have a complete Idea on all the courses of Canadian universities where a Pharmacy bachelor can apply.
  3. 3. After selecting your course you need to to search the best college which is providing your appropriate subject of interest. Almost all universities have a good standard but you need to specifically look for your subject of your concern.
  4. 4. You need to have an idea on what is your future idea of pursuing masters for graduation in Canada. Each would have a different perspective of going for higher studies in abroad. Some might think an exposure of of the subject or some other might think to settle as a permanent residence or some might think to just work for few years and return to India.
  5. 5. Do you decide what you wanna do after your completion of the course? This will help you to decide the place you want to study at the university because if you want to settle as an permanent resident need to go for a place where the province itself helps the international students to apply for the permanent residents easily.
  6. 6. The most important thing you need to consider before selecting a university or a province is that the availability of part time if you really need to pay your fees by yourself. The fee structure is really very high for the international students and everyone might need to have a part time pay off fees. So it is best to touch a place which I have an ample part-time jobs where students can do along with their studies.
  7. 7. You need to consider is the cost of living of that particular place if you don’t have any problem with finances then you don’t really need to think about this but to choose a good University. When you really have some issues with your finances you might be smart to select a good University in a good place with minimum expenses for your month.

Top 7 Canada Pharmacy Universities

University of Toronto
Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy
144 College Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3M2
Tel: 416 978-2889
Fax: 416 978-8511

University of British Columbia
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
2146 East Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3
Tel: 604 822-2343
Fax: 604 822-3035

Memorial University of Newfoundland
School of Pharmacy
Health Sciences Centre
St. John’s, Newfoundland A1B 3V6
Tel: 709 777-8300
Fax: 709 777-7044
E-mail: [email protected]

Université de Montréal
Faculté de pharmacie
C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-ville
Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7
Tel: 514 343-6422
Fax: 514 343-2102
Université Laval
Faculté de pharmacie
Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry
Québec, Québec G1V 0A6
Tel: 418 656-3211
Fax: 418 656-2305
E-mail: [email protected]

University of Alberta
Faculty of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences
2-55 Medical Sciences Building
Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H1
Tel: 780 492-3362
E-mail: [email protected]

University of Manitoba
Faculty of Pharmacy
Apotex Centre
750 McDermot Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0T5
Tel: 204 474-9306
Fax: 204 474-7617
E-mail: [email protected]

University of Saskatchewan
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition
110 Science Place
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5C9
Tel: 306 966-6327
Fax: 306 966-6377
E-mail: [email protected]

University of Waterloo
School of Pharmacy
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1
Tel: (519) 888-4499
Fax: (519) 888-7910
E-mail: [email protected]

Dalhousie University
College of Pharmacy
5968 College Street, PO Box 15000
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2
Tel: 902 494-2378
Fax: 902 494-1396
E-mail: [email protected]

University of Saskatchewan

This is good old college rest with good reputation. Here you can get program where you can study your masters. Importance of this university is the province you are in. Province provides you points even after your Canadian studies to if you let to settle down there as permanent resident. Cities in this province are really affordable and economical for all the international students. The housing and the cost of living is really low when per to the provinces of Canada.

Université de Montréal

This is also a good option for international students especially from India with good reputation. Here you can get program where you can study your masters. Importance of this university is the province you are in. you need to know about the province before you land. this is land of French. you will be at a good place if you have a knowledge of French language before you take up your studies.  Part time jobs become a piece of cake if you know the French language. Cities in this province are really affordable and economical for all the international students. The housing and the cost of living is really low when per to the provinces of Canada.

Electronics & Communications Engineering Jobs TOP Companies Higher Edu Career

Electronics & Communications Engineering just


Electronics & Communications Engineering is an undergraduate course for 4 years and after its completion, the students acquire the degree of B.Tech/B.E in ECE. The entry point for this course requires a student who has cleared 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as main subjects with a minimum of 55% and clearance of entrance examinations based on merit. Diploma program which is a 3-year course for this stream is also available in some colleges for which the eligibility is the same. They can later join the B.Tech course of any institute in the second year as lateral entry. It mainly Divide the article into short paragraphs, bullet points and subheadings where possible. the study of design, analysis, and application of electronics and communicaDivide the article into short paragraphs, bullet points and subheadings where possible.tion circuits. Learning ECE enables students to develop new electronic systems useful for real time applications. A B.Tech in ECE focuses on telecommunications, energy and electronics sectors. Science students who are good in Physics and Mathematics seek to get admission in this course. More than 3000 colleges in India offer this course every year. About 6.5 lacs students enroll for entrance exam for this course according to the reports. The regulatory bodies for this course are AICTE and UGC governed by MHRD, Govt of India.

Career Prospects:

Higher Education

As mentioned above this is a UG program therefore career opportunities in higher education would include M.Tech/M.E in the specialized stream if one pursue Postgraduate. For getting admission in Post graduate one needs to clear the national aptitude common test of GATE. According to the GATE score one chooses the college/university for studying. Further to Post Graduate degree the candidate can opt for Ph.D for research work going through step by step processes of tests. Also, another job prospect for the candidates after pursuing higher education in this field is to become Assistant professors or lecturers and scientists. The candidate after pursuing M.Tech/M.E with no teaching/industrial experience would be 4-5.5 lacs per annum according to the institutes. After gaining experience it will rise as per industry standards. For those aspiring to be scientists their payscale lies between 4-13.5 lacs per annum according to the level of seniority. It is inevitable that there will always remain some societal factors that affect the employment and job scenarios. Economic factors like National job growth, recessions could affect worker turnover and retention. Changes in consumer taste can affect demand for the product or service your company provides, which could lead to layoffs or mass hiring. If the employees feel unappreciated or unmotivated to work for the company, they may leave for other ventures, decreasing the production levels leading in poor job demand there.

Jobs and career after B tech

Students after completing B.Tech in ECE will have promising careers in various government and private sectors as Electronic Engineer, VLSI Engineer & Design Engineer, etc. Freshers can apply through campus interviews or by external source. Usually the fresher’s get a remuneration of INR 1.8 to 3.0 lacs per annum at entry level. After gaining few years of experience they are given the managerial post as a team lead, Asstt manager or executive managers. The average pay scale in these positions lies within INR 14,36,000-19,20,193 per annum. The job market for ECE is on demand and industries are looking for qualified engineers who can assist them on latest technologies. Skilled professionals in robotics, automation technologies, Internet of Things (IoT), mechatronics engineering gets priority for recruitment adding more value to their average pay scale. A lot of these industries are established abroad such as Gulf countries, Germany, China, Canada, Japan, Germany, US & Korea etc.

Top Companies
Almost all the multinational companies like TCS, CTS, Wipro, Accenture, DXC, Syntel, Hexaware, Capegemini, Infosys look for fellows from ECE stream. They are trained to be recruited for various departments. These companies more or less have their branch hubs and operation centres in the metro cities of Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata etc. The manpower strength of these companies are between 1.5-4 lakhs in totality. The common job roles for these companies are Software engineers, application developer, network engineer, hardware engineer, CAD engineer. Bangalore, the Silicon Valley of India is a clouded hub for 45 renowned software companies. The industry now adds more than 200,000 jobs a year providing employment to nearly 10 million people from fresher to experienced professionails.. The sector accounts for almost $85bn (£55bn; 65bn euro) worth of exports every year. Today nearly 40% of the country’s IT industry is concentrated in Bangalore which justifies its name, The Electronic city.

Can a Mathematics Student Pursue B.Pharmacy?

Can a Mathematics Student Pursue B.Pharmacy?

Can a Maths student pursue B.Pharmacy is a very lethal question which comes to the mind of the people nowadays that a student who invested his time in learning trignometries and probabilities can actually understand the concept of Oxymetazolyne ,Paracetamol etc.

Can a Mathematics Student Pursue B.Pharmacy?
In this article we will discuss about the chances of him/her succeeding in this transition , because when we think of it as a whole we get them confused as two vastly different fields but what we miss is the few yet very important similarities

B Pharmacy and Maths is there anything common?

When you study the concepts as a maths student the main objective is to get the equation right and to upgrade your levels in problem solving techniques but one subject which plays a vital role in maths stream is chemistry which bonds the maths and pharmacy stream together.
Although, not just chemistry there is one more thing which is very important in pharmacy and in the life of a maths student is the keen interest in doing research and performing various experiments to test out the different possibilities.

Society and Career.

In our society , students do not choose career out of interest but majorly because of the influence of the society . The career path is depending on various factors like
Mass Approach

And these factors turns who could have been a brilliant find in the field of medicine into an average engineer.

Who should decide what is good for you ?

We cannot deny the fact that our parents should have a say in deciding our future and career but the percentage should be fifty-fifty , that means parents and you both must equally participate in deciding what is important for a student and what is the future aspect of the career chosen.
In a nutshell , Pharmacy and maths have few things in common but only when it is seen under the microscope . Academically, they are different but by the nature of the work they are same as the objective is to perform research and look for the future possibilities in their respective fields.

The engineers succeeding in field of civil services ,bankings etc so why not in the field of medicine?

Whats your take?

Other Search queries for this article :

Can pharmacy be done without having biology in 11 ,
Is maths compulsary for B pharm and D pharmacy ,
Pharmacy: Is maths required as compulsory subject in Intermediate,
Is there any need for mathematics in B.Pharm?



Tod we will discuss HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET in the recent examinations. All the public service commissions and other government private and entrance examination are likely to follow the same pattern of OMR marking answering system for the evaluation. I think this is the best evaluation and one need to be very careful while filling up the form. So, We thought to publish an article on your favorite to help all the students and other aspirants to have a safe practice while attempting your examinations.


First let us start with a picture of Sample OMR sheet. Have a look at it keenly.


Sample OMR Sheet


INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

Fill boxes in BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.

INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

Darken the circles by BLUE/BLACK ball point pen only.

Sample OMR Sheet

Do not write anything else on this OMR sheet.

Darken the circles only like this.


Roll Number


hall ticket INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet





entrance exam INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet




This is another important section for you to concentrate and do the work. You need to fill the bubble with right date of birth if not you may be out as it can be a reason for your disqualification in the examination you are giving right now for your better  career prospects. So be careful while filling your entire OMR sheet.

Appsc INSTRUCTIONS for filling OMR Sheet

3. DATE OF BIRTH – As mentioned in the application form

I hope our article “HOW TO FILL AN OMR ANSWER SHEET – UPSC APPSC GPAT Exams” helped you to a small extent before you take up any offline competitive exams. This is a small guide to the instructions for filling the omr sheet without any mistake as our exams are very important to us. All the best my friends and I wish you all the very best for all your future endeavors. May God Bless.

NAPLEX FPGEE OSPAP KAPS PEBC Pharmacist Exam Quick Revision #1 Pharmacology Guide

NAPLEX FPGEE OSPAP KAPS PEBC Pharmacist Exam Quick Revision #1 Pharmacology Guide

Here Pharmawiki is presenting last day revision for all the aspirants of different pharmacist examinations like  NAPLEX FPGEE OSPAP KAPS PEBC Pharmacist Exam. You can consider it as a Quick Revision on Pharmacology  subject which will help you to qualify and score well in these examinations. This tiny Guide will surely help you to assess your exam preparation level.


1. venous ulcer treatment >
exclude arteriopathy (eg ABPI), control
oedema, prevent infection, compression bandaging.
2. Cushings – Diagnosis: 24hr urinary free cortisol. Addisons >
short synacthen.
3. Rash on buttocks – Dermatitis herpetiformis (coeliac dx).
4. AF with TIA >
Warfarin. Just TIA’s with no AF >
5. Herpes encephalitis >
temporal lobe calicification OR temporoparietal
attentuation – subacute onset i.e. Several days.
6. Obese woman, papilloedema/headache >
Benign Intercanial
7. Drug induced pneumonitis >
methotrexate or amiodarone.
8. chest discomfort and dysphagia >
9. foreign travel, macpap rash/flu like illnes >
HIV acute.
10. cause of gout >
dec urinary excretion.
11. bullae on hands and fragule SKIN torn by minor trauma >
cutanea tarda.
12. Splenectomy >
need pneumococcal vaccine AT LEAST 2 weeks preop
and for life.
13. primary hrperparathyroidism >
high Ca, normal/low PO4, normal/high
PTH (in elderly).
14. middle aged man with KNEE arthritis >
gonococcal sepsis (older
people >
15. sarcoidosis, erythema nodosum, arthropathy >
Loffgrens syndrome
benign, no Rx needed.
16. TREMOR postural,slow progression,titubation, relieved by OH>
essential TREMOR AutDom. (MS – titbation, PD – no titubation)
17. electrolytes disturbance causing confusion – low/high Na.

FPGEE | National Association of Boards of Pharmacy

18. contraindications lung Surgery >
FEV dec bp 130/90, Ace inhibitors (if
proteinuria analgesic induced headache.
21. 1.5 cm difference btwn kidneys >
Renal artery stenosis >
resonance angiogram.
22. temporal tenderness>
temporal arteritis >
steroids > 90% ischaemic
neuropathy, 10% retinal art occlusion.
23. severe retroorbital, daily headache, lacrimation >
cluster headache.
24. pemphigus – involves mouth (mucus membranes), pemphigoid – less
serious NOT mucosa.
25. diagnosis of polyuria >
water deprivation test, then DDAVP.
26. insulinoma >
24 hr supervised fasting hypoglycaemia.
27. Diabetes Random >7 or if >6 OGTT (75g) >
>11.1 also seen in HCT.
28. causes of villous atrophy: coeliac (lymphocytic infiltrate), Whipples , dec
Ig, lymphoma, trop sprue (rx tetracycline).
29. diarrhoea, bronchospasm, flushing, tricuspid stenosis >
gut carcinoid c
liver mets.
3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 2/5
30. hepatitis B with general deterioration >
hepaocellular carcinoma.
31. albumin normal, total protein high >
myeloma (hypercalcaemia,
32. HBSag positive, HB DNA not detectable >
chornic carier.
33. Inf MI, artery invlived >
Right coronary artert.


NAPLEX Exam guide

34. Aut dom conditions: Achondroplasia, Ehler Danlos, FAP, FAMILIAL
hyperchol,Gilberts, Huntington’s, Marfans’s, NFT I/II, Most porphyrias,
tuberous sclerosis, vWD, PeutzJeghers.
35. X linked: Beck/Duch musc dyst, alports, Fragile X, G6PD, Haemophilia
36. Loud S1: MS, hyperdynamic, short PR. Soft S1: immobile MS, MR.
37. Loud S2: hypertension, AS. Fixed split: ASD. Opening snap: MOBILE
MS, severe near S2.
38. HOCM/MVP inc
by standing, dec by squating (inc all others). HOCM
inc by valsalva, decs all others. Sudden death athlete, FH, Rx.
Amiodarone, ICD.
39. MVP sudden worsening post MI. Harsh systolic murmur radites to
40. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: OH, bp, thiamine/selenium deficiency, MD,
cocksackie/HIV, preg, doxorubicin, infiltration (HCT, sarcoid), tachycardia.
41. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: sclerodermma, amyloid, sarcoid, HCT,
glycogen storage, Gauchers, fibrosis, hypereosinophilia Lofflers,
caracinoid, malignancy, radiotherapy, toxins.
42. Tumor compressing Respiratory tract >
investigation: flow volume
43. Guillan Barre syndrome: check VITAL CAPACITY.
44. Horners – sweating lost in upper face only – lesion proximal to common
carotid artery.
45. Internuclear opthalmoplegia: medial longitudinal fasciculus connects
CN nucleus 34.
Ipsilateral adduction palsy, contralateral nystagmus. Aide
memoire (TRIES TO YANK THE ipsilateral BAD eye ACROSS THE nose ).
Convergence retraction nystagmus, but convergence reflex is normal.
Causes: MS, SLE, Miller fisher, overdose(barb, phenytoin, TCA), Wernicke.
46. Progressive Supranuclear palsy: Steel Richardson. Absent voluntary
downward gaze, normal dolls eye . i.e. Occulomotor nuclei intact,
supranuclear Pathology .

The Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) Exam

47. Perinauds syndrome: dorsal midbrain syndrome, damaged midrain and
superior colliculus: impaired upgaze (cf PSNP), lid retraction, convergence
preserved. Causes: pineal tumor, stroke, hydrocephalus, MS.
48. demetia, gait abnormaily, urinary incontinence. Absent papilloedema>
Normal pressure hydrocephalus.
49. acute red eye >
acute closed angle glaucoma >> less common (ant
uveitis, scleritis, episcleritis, subconjuntival haemmorrhage).
50. wheeles, URTICARIA , drug induced >
3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 3/5
51. sweats and weight gain >
52. diagnostic test for asthma >
morning dip in PEFR >20%.
53. Causes of SIADH : chest/cerebral/pancreas Pathology , porphyria,
malignancy, Drugs (carbamazepine, chlorpropamide, clofibrate,
atipsychotics, NSAIDs, rifampicin, opiates)
54. Causes of Diabetes Insipidus: Cranial: tumor, infiltration, trauma
Nephrogenic: Lithium, amphoteracin, domeclocycline, prologed
hypercalcaemia/hypornatraemia, FAMILIAL X linked type
55. bisphosphonates:inhibit osteoclast activity, prevent steroid incduced
osteoperosis (vitamin D also).
56.returned from airline flight, TIA>
paradoxical embolus do TOE.
57. alcoholic, given glucose develops nystagmus >
B1 deficiency
(wernickes). Confabulation>
58. monoartropathy
with thiazide >
gout (neg birefringence). NO
ALLOPURINOL for acute.
59. painful 3rd nerve palsy >
posterior communicating artery aneurysm till
proven otherwise
60 late complication of scleroderma >
pumonaryhypertention plus/minus
61. causes of erythema mutliforme: lamotrigine
62. vomiting, abdominal pain, hypothyroidism >
Addisonian crisis (TFT
typically abnormal in this setting DO NOT give thyroxine).
63. mouth/genital ulcers and oligarthritis >
behcets (also eye /SKIN
lesions, DVT)
64. mixed drug overdose most important step >
Nacetylcysteine (time
dependent prognosis)
65. cavernous sinus syndrome 3rd
nerve palsy, proptosis, periorbital
swlling, conj injectn
66. asymetric parkinsons >
likely to be idiopathic
67. Obese, NIDDM female with abnormal LFT’s >
NASH (nonalcoholic
steatotic hepatitis)
68. fluctuating level of conciousness in elderly plus/minus deterioration >
chronic subdural. Can last even longer than 6 months
69. Sensitivity >
TP/(TP plus FN) e.g. For SLE ANA
highly sens,
dsDNA:highly specific
70. RR is 8%. NNT is >
100/8 >
50/4 >
25/2 >

Australian Pharmacy Council

71. ipsilateral ataxia, Horners, contralateral loss pain/temp >
PICA stroke
(lateral medulary syndrome of Wallenburg)
72. renal stones (80% calcium, 10% uric acid, 5% ammonium (proteus),
3% other). Uric acid and cyteine stone are radioluscent.
73. hyperprolactinaemia (allactorrohea, amenorrohea, low FSH/LH) >
antags (metoclopramide, chlorpromazine, cimetidine NOT TCA’s),
pregnancy, PCOS, pit tumor/microadenoma, stress.
74. Distal, asymetric arthropathy >
3/5/2017 MRCP part 1 4/5
75. episodic headache with tachycardia >
76. very raised WCC >
ALWAYS think of leukaemia.

OSPAP qualification

77. Diagnosis of CLL >
immunophenotyping NOT cytogenetics, NOT
bone marrow
78. Prognostic factors for AML >
bm karyotype (good/poor/standard) >>
WCC at diagnosis.
79. pancytopenia with raised MCV >
check B12/folate first (other causes
possble, but do this FIRST). Often associayed with phenytoin use >
decreased folate
80. miscariage, DVT, stroke >
LUPUS anticoagulant >
81. Hb elevated, dec ESR >
polycythaemua (2ndry if paO2 low)
82. anosmia, delayed puberty >
Kallmans syndrome (hypogonadotrophic
83. diag of PKD >
renal US even if think anorexia nervosa
85. commonest finding in G6PD hamolysis >
86. mitral stenosis: loud S1 (soft s1 if severe), opening snap.. Immobile
valve >
no snap.

PEBC Guide to Pharmacist

87. Flank pain, urinalysis:blood, protein >
renal vein thrombosis. Causes:
nephrotic syndrome, RCC, amyloid, acute pyelonephritis, SLE
(atiphospholipid syndrome which is recurrent thrombosis, fetal loss, dec plt.
Usual cause of cns manifestations assoc with LUPUS ancoagulant,
anticardiolipin ab)
88. anaemia in the elderly assume GI malignancy
89. hypothermia, acute renal failure >
rhabdomyolysis (collapse assumed)
90. pain, numbness lateral upper thigh >
meralgia paraesthesia (lat
cutaneous nerve compression usally by by ing ligament)
91. diagnosis of haemochromatosis: screen with Ferritin, confirm by
tranferrin saturation, genotyping. If nondiagnostic do liver biopsy 0.3%
92. 40 mg hidrocortisone divided doses (bd) >
10 mg prednisolone (ie.
Prednislone is x4 stronger)
93. BTS: TB guidlines – close contacts >
Heaf test >
positive CXR,
negative >
repeat Heaf in 6 weeks. Isolation not required.
94. Diptheria >
exudative pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, cardio and neuro
95. Indurated plaques on cheeks, scarring alopecia, hyperkeratosis over
hair follicles >>
Discoid LUPUS
96. wt loss, malabsoption, inc ALP >
pancreatic cancer
97. foreign travel, tender RUQ, raised ALP >
liver abscess do U/S
98. wt loss, anaemia (macro/micro), no obvious cause >
coeliac (diarrhoea
does NOT have to be present)
99. haematuria, proteinuria, best investigation >
if glomerulonephritis
suspected >
renal biopsy

100. Acromegaly – Diagnosis: OGTT followed by GH conc.
101. Malaria, incubation within 3/12. can be relapsing /remitting. Vivax and
Ovale (West Africa) longer imcubation.
102. Fever, lymphadenopathy, lymphocytosis, pharygitis >
heterophile antibodies
103. GI bleed after endovascular AAA Surgery >
aortoenteric fistula

Pharma Universities in Melbourne MS Pharmacy Australia

Pharma universities in Melbourne Melbourne is one of the most primary and well known places in Australia.  Melbourne stands as the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria.  The city has developed highly and flourished well in terms of availability of various requirements of social life that includes plazas, restaurants, bars, universities, schools, colleges and the list is endless.  It truly depicts the cultural heritage of the people living in Australia.  Since founded on 30 August 1835, this city has developed itself to a greater extend.  To this it has been found that some of Australia’s most well established and more prominent schools, colleges and Universities are based here.  Today we try to look at this aspect in a bit detail in relation to some of the best prominent Pharma Universities.


Pharma being one of the most important fields of learning, there are many Universities in Melbourne which helps Pharma student to get their Pharma degree easily.  Basically these Universities allow those who are willing to do their Bachelor’s, master or PhD on a particular subject.  One of such University available in Melbourne is University of Melbourne.  It helps student to obtain their Bachelor’s degree as well as complete their Master in Pharma.  It has got high repute and is considered to be one of the finest Universities in Australia providing first class learning experience for the students especially when in consideration of studying pharmacy.  Next is the Monash University, Clayton Campus.  This is considered to be one of the finest in imparting pharmacy education to the students after Melbourne University.  It has got one of the finest batches of teachers who impart education of international standards making them to stands apart from rest.  The curriculum in relation to Pharma is excellent and covers wide range of the subject from an overall point of view.  It is the second oldest university in the state of Victoria.  This University four campuses in Australia and one found in Malaysia.  Then there is the Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.  This campus is purely dedicated to the students of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.  This University purely deals with education in relation to Pharmacy, pharmaceutical and area of concern in relation to this.

Pharma Universities in Melbourne MS Pharmacy Australia

Other than those mentioned here, there are different other Universities in Melbourne which provides the scope for the students to their higher studies in relation to Pharma and dedicate their life to this profession.  The most important aspect in relation to this is that most of the Universities have proper curriculum and study materials with learned faculties which maintains a healthy yet a streamline form of education in relation to Pharma and other related field of study.


Pharma is definitely a subject that needs more and more attention and the Universities of Melbourne are working hard for the betterment and improvement of this field of Science.  These Universities maintains a strict curriculum and provides world class curriculum in relation to Pharma.  Here the University allows only students who are willing to do their Bachelor’s or Masters’ degrees.  The amount need to joint the course is very minimal and anybody fulfilling the specific criteria of the University in concern can take up Pharma as a field of study.


According to statistics obtained from different sources, the average pay for a Pharmacist in Australia is AU$32.59 per hour and the average pay for a Pharmacist is around AU$67,960 per year.  Thus anybody who wants to take Pharmacy as a career living in Australia and does not know where to start from, then Melbourne can be the best place to start with.