Cathepsins are intracellular proteinases that reside within lysosomes or specific intracellular granules. Cathepsins are used to degrade proteins or peptides that are internalised from the extracellular space. Some cathepsins such as cathepsin-Gor cathepsin-Kmay be released from the cell to degrade specific extracellular matrix proteins. All cathepsins except cathepsin-G (serine) and cathepsin-D (aspartyl) are cysteine proteinases.

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