Dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia is change in the normal lipid concentrations in the blood.

  • In particular, hypercholesterolemia is a major cause of increased atherogenic risk, leading to atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis-associated conditions, such as coronary heart disease, ischemic cerebrovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.
  • Both genetic disorders and diets enriched in saturated fat and cholesterol contribute to the elevated lipid levels in a considerable part of the population of developed countries.
  • Hypertriglyceridemia, when severe, may cause pancreatitis. Moderately elevated levels of triglycerides are often associated with a syndrome distinguished by insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension and substantially increased risk of coronary heart disease.
  • Hypercholesterolemia, especially, requires treatment either by diet and/or with lipidlowering drugs (e.g. statins, anion exchange resins).

 

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