Notes on Pharmacy related softwares for NIPER JEE preparation

 Useful softwares: May be asked as questions in NIPER JEE

Chem Office / Chem Draw ultra: It is used to draw the structures of drug molecules in 2D and then to convert them in 3D, to find the IUPAC name of the unknown compound, to find the structure of the drug from its IUPAC name, to give NMR spectrum (approx) of unknown drug.

Software used to visualize the protein/ peptide 3D structure: Pymol, Rasmol, Jmol, Molmol, and VMD.

Structure Activity Relationship 2D QSAR, 3D QSAR: CoMFA,CoMSIA

Sequence alignment of proteins & nucleic acids: BLAST, FASTA, PROSPECTUS, COPIA

Gene finding and sequence analysis: Genscan, Glimmer

For sequence alignment of proteins: CLUSTAL W, CLUSTAL X

3D structure visualization, molecular dynamics, energy minimization: AMBER, CHARMM, HyperChem, chem2pac, GROMOS, GROMACS, MOE, SCHRODINGER

Molecular dynamics: MM2, MOPAC, AM1, PM

For quantum chemistry calculations: Gaussian

For statistical calculations: Sigmastat, Graphpad Prism, Sigma plot

For molecular design and drug design: Tripose, VLife

Structure drawing, 3D visualization of drugs and proteins: Alchemi, Cache, SYBYL

Cluster of many software used mainly for homology modeling: EMBOSS, GCG, Sybyl, Schrodinger.

For Docking (checking drug molecular fitting into receptor): Autodock, GOLD.

Toxicity prediction: Topkat

 

Test Organisms for Microbiological Assay of Antibiotics

Test Organisms for Microbiological Assay of Antibiotics

AntibioticTest OrganismATCC No.NCTC No. (NCIB No.)
AmikacinStaphylococcus aureus

29737

7447

Amphotericin BSaccharomyces cerevisiae

9763

10716

BacitracinMicrococcus luteus

10240

7743

BleomycinMycobacterium smegmatis

607

CarbenicillinPseudomonas aeruginosa

25619

DoxycyclineStaphylococcus aureus

29737

7447

ErythromycinMicrococcus luteus

9341

(8553)

FramycetinBacillus pumilus

14884

8241

Bacillus subtilis

6633

8236,10400
GentamicinStaphylococcus epidermidis

12228

(8553)

Kanamycin sulphateBacillus pumilus

14884

8241

Staphylococcus aureus

29737

7447

Kanamycin BBacillus subtilis

6633

8236

NeomycinStaphylococcus epidermids

12228

(8553)

NovobiocinStaphylococcus epidermids

12228

(8553)

NystatinSaccharomycesCerevisiae

2601

10716

OxytetracyclineBacillus cereus var, mycoides

11778

10320

Staphylococcus aureus

29737

7447

Polymyxin BBordetella bronchiseptica

4617

8344

RifampicinBacillus subtilis

6633

8236

StreptomycinBacillus subtilis

6633

8236

Klebsiella pnumoniae

10031

(9111)

TetracyclineBacillus Cereus

11778

10320

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NIPER JEE 2012 (syllabus) updated: 07/06/12 !!!

NIPER JEE Syllabus

 (There is NO OFFICIAL syllabus provided for NIPER-JEE exam, but things outside this are rarely asked)

 Natural Products:

 

  1. In natural products more stress should be given on phytochemistry part rather than biological aspects but you should know about biological sources and chemical constituents of important ones.

 

  1. Methods of extraction, isolation and characterization of natural products. Various separation techniques used for isolation of natural products.

 

  1. Biosynthetic pathways.

 

  1. Primary metabolites, their examples.

 

  1. Secondary metabolites, various classes of secondary metabolites – Here most important part is chemistry of these classes. (e.g. Alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, lignans, saponins, lipids, flavonoids, coumarins, anthocyanidines etc).

 

  1. Important therapeutic classes: antidiabetics, hepatoprotectives, immmunomodulators, neutraceuticals, natural products for gynecological disorders, anti-cancer, anti-viral (mainly anti-HIV), adaptogens etc. dietary antioxidants, marine natural products, plant growth regulators.

 

  1. Standardization of natural products.

 

  1. What is difference between natural products and pharmacognosy?

 

  1. Some knowledge about types and preparation of ayurvedic formulations like asava, arista etc.

 

  1. Stereochemistry and spectroscopy applied to some phytochemical constituents/ pure natural products- NMR, IR. Stereochemistry: Fischer, Sawhorse and Newman projection formulae.

 

References:
For various therapeutic classes: Trease and Evans

For spectroscopy: Silverstein, Pavia, Kemp

Download full syllabus here

 

FDA Approved and Recalled drugs from Jan 2012 to May 2012

FDA-Approved Drugs in 2012

Dermatology/Plastic Surgery

Sklice (ivermectin) lotion; Sanofi Pasteur; For the treatment of head lice, Approved February 2012

Endocrinology

Korlym (mifepristone); Corcept Therapeutics; For the control of hyperglycemia in adults with endogenous Cushing’s syndrome, Approved February 2012

Hematology

Elelyso (taliglucerasealfa); Pfizer Inc; For the treatment of Gaucher disease, Approved May 2012

Omontys (peginesatide); Affymax; For the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease, Approved March 2012

Musculoskeletal

Stendra (avanafil); Vivus; For the treatment of erectile dysfunction, Approved April 2012

Oncology

Afinitor (everolimus); Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; For the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex, Approved April 2012

Erivedge (vismodegib); Genentech; For the treatment of basal cell carcinoma, Approved January 2012

Inlyta (axitinib); Pfizer; For the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, Approved January 2012

 

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FDA Approved and Recalled drugs from May 2011 to Dec 2011

FDA-Approved Drugs in 2011

Cardiology/Vascular Diseases

Brilinta (ticagrelor); AstraZeneca; For the reduction of thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome, Approved July 2011

Edarbyclor (azilsartanmedoxomilandchlorthalidone); Takeda Pharmaceutical; For the treatment of hypertension, Approved December of 2011

Xarelto (rivaroxaban); Janssen Pharmaceuticals; For the reduction in the risk of stroke and systemic embolism resulting from atrial fibrillation, Approved November 2011

Dermatology/Plastic Surgery

Firazyr (icatibant); Shire; For the treatment of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema, Approved August of 2011

laViv (azficelT); Fibrocell Science; For the improvement of nasolabial fold wrinkles in adults, Approved June 2011

Endocrinology

Tradjenta (linagliptin); Boehringer Ingelheim; For the treatment of type II diabetes, Approved May 2011

Gastroenterology

Dificid (fidaxomicin); Optimer Pharmaceuticals; For the treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, Approved May 2011

Incivek (telaprevir); Vertex; For the treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C, Approved May 2011

Victrelis (boceprevir); Merck; For the treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotype 1, Approved May 2011

 

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