Should I do B Pharmacy Project in 4th eYar Course? WHY

Why students should do b pharmacy project at the end of the fourth year course?

Doing a B.Pharmacy project at the end of the fourth year course holds several significant advantages for students. Here are a few reasons why students should undertake a project as part of their B.Pharmacy curriculum:

Project offers Application of Knowledge:

A project provides an opportunity for students to apply the theoretical knowledge gained during their four-year course into practical scenarios. It helps bridge the gap between classroom learning and real-world application.

Skill Enhancement is core for B Pharm:

Engaging in a project enhances various skills such as research, critical thinking, problem-solving, data analysis, communication, and project management. These skills are highly valuable in both academic and professional settings.

Practical Experiential Learning through B pharm Projects:

Practical projects offer hands-on experience that textbooks and lectures cannot provide. Students get to face real challenges, make decisions, and learn from their successes and failures, which contributes to their overall development.

Industry Relevance Insight from Project you Choose:

B.Pharmacy projects often involve research or case studies related to the pharmaceutical industry. This experience gives students insights into the industry’s current trends, challenges, and innovations, making them better prepared for entering the job market.

Building Networking to grab Opportunities after course:

Students may collaborate with industry professionals, researchers, or faculty members during their project. This allows them to build a valuable network that can help them with career opportunities, references, and guidance.

Career Advancement Opportunity through right Project:

Undertaking a project can give students an edge in the job market. Employers often value candidates who have practical experience and a project demonstrates a student’s ability to independently manage and execute tasks. Hands on experience on something will give you an added advantage and gives you more points while getting hired.

Personal Development as a benefit :

Projects encourage self-discipline, time management, and self-motivation, which are vital skills for success in any field. Students also develop resilience as they tackle challenges throughout the project.

Project inculcate Problem Solving Skill in you:

Projects come in various forms, but they all have one thing in common – they require you to tackle real-world problems. Whether it’s formulating a new drug, conducting clinical trials, or addressing healthcare issues, these projects provide a unique opportunity for you to apply your problem-solving skills in a practical setting.

One of the key benefits of engaging in such projects is the improvement in your ability to address complex issues effectively. As you immerse yourself in these projects, you’ll encounter a wide range of challenges that require creative and analytical thinking. This will push you to think outside the box and find innovative solutions. This hands-on experience will not only deepen your knowledge but also enhance your problem-solving skills specific to that domain. Moreover, problem-solving projects provide an excellent opportunity for collaboration and teamwork.

Remember, developing problem-solving skills is not just about solving puzzles or riddles. It’s about gaining real-world experience and applying your knowledge to make a difference. So, embrace the opportunity to engage in problem-solving projects and watch your skills grow! In conclusion, participating in projects that involve problem solving is an excellent way to enhance your problem-solving skills

Projects often involve solving real-world problems related to drug formulation, clinical trials, or healthcare. These problem-solving experiences improve a student’s ability to address complex issues effectively.

Different Pharma Projects for Insights on Higher Education:

For students considering further studies like M.Pharmacy or research-based careers, a project provides a strong foundation in research methodologies and prepares them for more advanced academic pursuits.

Pharma Relevant Project Showcases as Achievements in Resume:

A successfully completed project can be added to a student’s portfolio, resume, or academic transcripts, highlighting their capabilities to potential employers or institutions.

In summary, a B.Pharmacy project serves as a culmination of a student’s academic journey, allowing them to apply their knowledge practically and develop essential skills for a successful career in the pharmaceutical field. It’s an opportunity to stand out, gain real-world experience, and contribute meaningfully to the industry.

Why Should/Shouldn’t I Study Pharmacy?

Why should I study pharmacy

To begin with the article, let’s discuss the prospects of pursuing pharma degree. There are several reasons why studying pharmacy can be a rewarding and fulfilling career choice. The characteristics one should consider important for selection of the course and for practicing pharmacy are discussed in this article. Utmost motivation to study pharmacy in general is these two

  • care for/help people
  • interest in human biology

Help people:

As a pharmacist, you have the opportunity to directly impact the health and well-being of patients. You will be responsible for dispensing medications, providing information about drug interactions, and advising patients on how to use their medications safely and effectively.

Job stability:

The demand for pharmacists is expected to grow in the coming years, due to an aging population and increased access to healthcare. This means that job opportunities in the field of pharmacy are likely to be plentiful.

Plethora of career paths:

Pharmacy offers a variety of career paths, including community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, research, academia, and pharmaceutical industry. You can choose the path that best suits your interests and skills.

Financial rewards:

Pharmacists typically earn competitive salaries, and many enjoy benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off.

Encourages continuous learning:

The field of pharmacy is constantly evolving, with new drugs and treatments being developed all the time. This means that as a pharmacist, you will have the opportunity to continue learning throughout your career.

“Reliable employment” and “steady job” were the highest-rated aspects of being a pharmacist followed closely by “ability to travel” . A number of other factors were also rated, including professional status, a good salary and working in the health sciences and in the community.

Overall, studying pharmacy can be a great choice for those who are interested in healthcare, enjoy helping others, and want a stable and rewarding career.


1. Why do you want to work as a health professional?

2. Which three of these factors were the most important in your decision? (Please list in order of priority)

3. What, in your opinion, are the most important attributes that the School of Pharmacy should consider when selecting people for the Bachelor of Pharmacy program?

4. When you applied for admission to the Health Sciences, was Pharmacy your first preference?

5. At this stage in your BPharm education, do you want to become a pharmacist?

6. Community pharmacists are involved in many of the following activities in their day to day work. Which activities are of most interest to you?

7. What aspects of being a pharmacist are most important to you?

8. During my working life, I would like …

9. If you had to choose a pharmacy career path today, in what field would it be?

Why shouldn’t I study pharmacy

I cannot make decisions for you or give personal advice as this will be your future. However, I can provide you with some general information that may be helpful in making a decision about studying pharmacy.

Here are some factors you may want to consider:

Interest and passion:

Do you have a genuine interest in pharmacy? Are you passionate about the subject matter? Pursuing a field that you are truly interested in can lead to a more fulfilling and enjoyable career. If you don’t like to study medicines diseases or especially human physiology please do not attempt to study pharmacy.

Job outlook:

Career aspirations and intentions are important things to consider.  It is important to consider the job prospects for pharmacy graduates. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of pharmacists is projected to decline 3 percent from 2020 to 2030, which may affect the job market for new graduates.

Educational requirements:

Pharmacy requires a significant amount of education and training, including a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree. Eligibility will be 10+2. The program typically takes four years to complete, and graduates must pass a licensing exam to practice in some countries.

Personal circumstances:

It is also important to consider your personal circumstances, such as your financial situation, location, and family responsibilities, when making a decision about pursuing a career in pharmacy.

Ultimately, the decision to study pharmacy should be based on your own interests, career goals, and personal circumstances. It may be helpful to speak with a career counselor or someone currently working in the field to gain more insight.

Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements Course Syllabus Text Books

Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements -(2 Hr/Wk)

Course Objectives
1. To make the learner understand the concept of nutraceuticals and dietary supplements along with the classification with respect to
health benefits, chemical nature and mechanism of action
2. To expose the learner to the health benefits of various classes of phytochemicals along with their salient chemical features,
pharmacokinetics, doses and marketed preparations
3. To introduce to the learner the formulation challenges of nutraceuticals and health supplements and the importance of the safety and
stability of nutraceutical formulations
4. To make the learner aware of the regulatory aspects of nutraceuticals in India and major countries
Course Outcomes
Upon completion of the course student will be able to –
1. Explain concept of nutraceuticals and dietary supplements, classify these based on chemical nature, health benefits and mechanism
of action
2. Discuss the chemistry of phytochemicals, their health benefits, pharmacokinetics, interactions with food and recommended doses
along with the marketed preparations
3. Explain the challenges in formulating nutraceuticals
4. Understand the significance of safety and stability studies of nutraceuticals
5. Describe the labeling and regulatory aspects for manufacture and sale of nutraceutical products.
No. Details Hours
1 Introduction to Nutraceuticals
Definitions of Nutraceuticals, Functional foods, and Dietary supplements, Nutrigenomics. Link between Food and
Medicine. Food and No- food sources of nutraceutical factors, Nutraceutical factors in specific foods. Classification
of Nutraceutical. Factors based on chemical nature and mechanism of action. Safety, Scientific evidence and
market trends: Local and Global.
Self-study: Public health nutrition, maternal and child nutrition, nutrition and ageing, nutrition education in
community, Limitations of Nutraceuticals
2 Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals:
Occurrence, Structure, Properties, Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Therapeutic uses, Recommended Doses and
Marketed Preparations of following
a) Carotenoids- Lycopene, Lutein, Zeaxanthene, Astaxanthene
b) Phenolics and Polyphenolics as Antioxidants – – Reservetrol , Grapeseed
extract, Tea, Pycnogenol, Avenanthramides from Oats, Rutin, Soy Isoflavones,
c) Sulphur Compounds- Glucosinates
d) Prebiotics / Probiotics-Fructo-oligosaccharides, Lactobacillum.
e) Dietary fibres – Soluble and insoluble any two examples each.
f) Lignans – Flax Lignans
g) Essential Fatty acids- Fish oils, α- Linolenic acid from Flax.
h) Quinones- Tocopherol.
i) Proteins and Minerals- Melatonin, Glutathione, Shilajit, Carnitine.
j) Marine nutraceuticals – Collagen from fish skin
3 Formulations and Challenges
Challenges involved in processing, extraction and concentration of nutraceutical constituents, formulations and
delivery systems, safety, storage and stability evaluation of formulations.
Labeling of Nutraceuticals
4 Safety and Toxicity of Nutraceuticals
Adverse Effects, Interactions, Adulteration- Intentional, counterfeiting, undeclared labeling, toxic contaminants
5 Regulatory issues of Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements
a) EU, US and Indian guidelines.
b) Regulatory Aspects; FSSAI, FDA, FPO, MPO, AGMARK. HACCP and
GMPs on Food Safety. Adulteration of foods.
c) Pharmacopoeial Specifications for dietary supplements and nutraceuticals


1. Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Second Edition, Eds Robert E.C. Wildman, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis
2. Nutraceuticals: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals, Brian Lockwood
3. Nutraceuticals in Health and Disease Prevention edited by Klaus Kramer, Peter-Paul Hoppe, Lester Packer, Marcel Decker New
4. Nutraceuticals: Efficacy, Safety and Toxicity edited by Ramesh C. Gupta Academic Press, Elsevier Publication
5. Handbook of Nutraceuticals Volume I: Ingredients, Formulations, and Applications edited by Yashwant Vishnupant Pathak, CRC
Press, Taylor and Francis
6. Nutraceuticals edited by Alexandru Grumezescu, Academic Press Elsevier
7. Nutraceuticals, Glycemic Health and Type 2 Diabetes, Eds Vijai K. Pasupuleti, James W. Anderson, Wiley Blackwell Publications
8. Regulation of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: A Global Perspective, Ed Clare M. Hasler, Blackwell Publishing
9. Developing New Functional Food and Nutraceutical Products edited by Debasis Bagchi, Sreejayan Nair, Academic Press, Elsevier
10. Phytosterols as Functional Food Components and Nutraceuticals, Ed Paresh C. Dutta, Marcel Decker Publishing
11. Phenolics in Food and Nutraceuticals, Fereidoon Shahidi, Marian Naczk, CRC press
12. Bioactive Proteins and Peptides as Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, Eds Yoshinori Mine, Eunice Li-Chan, Bo Jiang, Wiley
13. Marine Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Ed Colin Barrow, Fereidoon Shahidi, CRC press
14. Role of dietary fibres and nutraceuticals in preventing diseases, K. T Agusti and P.Faizal, B S Publication
15. Goldberg, I. Functional Foods. Chapman and Hall, New York.
16. Labuza, T.P. Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements: Safety, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMPs) and Shelf Life Testing in
Essentials of Functional Foods, Eds M.K. Sachmidl and T.P. Labuza, Aspen Press.

Synthon Approach Course Syllabus & Textbooks

Synthon Approach – (2 Hr/Wk)
Course Objectives
1. To teach the learner to analyse a target structure in order to design a synthetic scheme.
2. To acquire the expertise toward synthesis by the manipulation of both activation methods and selectivity control.
Course Outcomes
1. Learner will also gain confidence for drawing the schematic retrosynthetic pathway from the course.
2. Learner will be able to analyze the retrosynthetic scheme synthesis planning and route analysis for any given target molecule.

1. Definition of retrosynthesis or disconnection approach, synthon, disconnection, synthetic equivalent, functional group interconversion, functional group addition, functional group removal.
2. Guidelines for disconnection
a. Order of events
b. Reversal of polarity
c. Protecting groups

Disconnection of simple alcohols, alkyl halide, ethers, olefins, esters, carboxylic acids,
aldehydes, ketones and amines.
Two group disconnections – 1,2-, 1,3-, 1,4- difunctionalized compounds
Strategies for synthesis of aromatic heterocycles pyrrole, thiophene, furan, pyridine,

4 Design of retrosynthesis of drugs: Paracetamol, benzocaine, sulfadiazine, ibuprofen,
propranolol, nifedipine, isoniazid, ranitidine, diphenhydramine

Synthon Approach Course Syllabus & Textbooks:

1. Designing organic syntheses: A programmed introduction to the synthon approach, Stuart Warren; Wiley India Pvt Ltd., 2012
2. Designing Organic Syntheses: A Programmed Introduction to the Synthon Approach; Stuart Warren; ISBN: 978-0-471-99612-5,
285 pages, January 1991
3. Organic Synthesis the Disconnection Approach, Stuart Warren, 391pages, ISBN 0 471 10161 3 Paper 1982 by John Wiley and Sons
4. Synthesis of Drug, A synthon approach by Radhakrishnan P. Iyer & Anant v. prabhu, 1st Edition, (1985) Sevak Publications,
5. Clayden and Greeves, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University Press (2001)
6. site for solving synthon problems

Required Marks Percentage You Need To Maintain In B. Pharmacy Course

Required Marks Percentage You Need To Maintain In B. Pharmacy Course

Required Marks Percentage You Need To Maintain In B. Pharmacy Course: Student life is the most crucial period of tenacity as it lays the foundation of a person and trains them for the next phase of life. It is that time of life where one has to run marathon imbibing the habit of studying, playing and vigorous activities. The phase that reflects unstoppable vitality and full of life-force is found in student life. Hence naturally the performance of the students put a measure in the marks by evaluating their strength of knowledge.  If you are in the B. Pharmacy course; it means you have to take up learning in form of several labs, theory papers with its simultaneous internal and external examinations much like the boards of 10th and intermediate previously. At that time, the attitude everyone carry is to get very good marks to improve and fulfill your future goals. Here you don’t have marks for the semester examinations, in this case, what you are to take care of is the required percentage of marks you need to maintain. This is true everyone will try to get good marks as this characteristic is more seen for above average and topper students. To be honest toppers in the intermediate are also present in B. Pharmacy now because some of them didn’t get the seat in MBBS, BDS or Agricultural BSc in government universities/colleges. Here primarily your grade in each subject is provided based on the summation of marks obtained under each head of the examination of Theory and Practical including the External Examinations. The Theory and practical components of the same course shall be considered as a separate head.

Required Marks Percentage You Need To Maintain In B. Pharmacy Course

How much percentage of marks one should aim for?

There is no bound for earning marks as a student. Before digging into a general classification for the percentage of marks let us know about the divisions. The Distinction is defined as (75% above), the First division is (60 to 75%), second division is (50 to 60%) and the Third division is (35 to 50%). Observing the job opportunity scenario, there is no much difference between a 90% marks student and 75% marks student. The eligibility for all of the opportunities for a B. Pharmacy student does not require distinction marks profile throughout the course. In fact for any student getting the distinction marks would be extra. Maintaining the minimum first class percentage in B. Pharmacy is mandatory and is recommendable for every student, irrespective of the category and reservation.  Generally for open category students one needs to maintain a minimum 60% (first class), and for other categories, there may an exemption, it may be given 55% in most of the cases. There is no such need to maintain above 80% of marks to get through the course. But if you are capable of doing that you can always aim for higher marks like as you did in your previous curriculum in schools. To maintain subtle marks in B. Pharmacy isn’t that tough and more or less everyone who takes admission clears the papers!

Percentage required by B.Pharmacy students to join, Minimum marks required in Pharmacy degree to get.

B Pharmacy Scope in India- What is the scope of B pharm?

B Pharmacy Scope in India

B Pharmacy Scope in India: There has been much hype created in students in India for getting B Pharmacy degree and thus over the years this stream of education has been a first preference of many aspiring students who want to learn and obtain a degree.  Today we will be looking at what this is all about and how one can make a decent living by completing the B pharmacy degree and the scope and the options associated with this field in short.

Basic criteria

The Bachelor of Pharmacy degree which is popularly termed as B-Pharm in short is a four-year course with annual and semester schemes both available for the students to go through.  In order to get selected and eligible for a student to undergo this course one needs to fulfill certain eligibilities.  It includes passing with at least 50% marks in 10 + 2 or exam equivalent to it especially with biology or biotechnology as being one of the primary subjects when passing out.  The curriculum of B Pharmacy includes Human Anatomy and Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Mathematics and Bio statistics.  Now to this end one can find out different aptitude tests which they can clear out before continuing with this course.  The basic criteria in terms of age are that one must be at least 17 years of age and maximum 23 years while establishing their candidature.

 What is the scope of B pharmacy in India?

Career Scope for B-Pharmacy professionals

When we speak about a career in the pharmaceutical sciences then we are speaking about the ample of amount of opportunities that one could avail.  Hereby we provide some of the options that a pharmacy professional can take note of.

R & D:

This industry is basically based on research and development for the betterment.  M.Pharms and Ph.Ds are one of the best options for research of new drugs, process development, Toxicological Studies and many of the other options to opt for.  It can provide the students with new avenues of research.

Analysis and Testing:

In order to maintain a proper Quality control (QC) and Quality Assurance (QA) analysis and testing is a very highly skilled field to look for after completion of B-Pharma.  The student must be capable of handling sophisticated apparatus and equipment’s for this job.

B Pharmacy Scope in India

Production and Manufacturing: Production and manufacturing can be another option for the candidates to look out for.  One can start own production unit or work for some other companies in manufacturing of surgical dressings, biotechnological products, medical devices, equipment, veterinary medicine, Ayurvedic/ homeopathic cosmetics, soaps, and the list is endless.


Marketing of pharmaceutical products along with sales can provide students of B pharmacy with lucrative benefits and obviously a good scope to venture into.


Most of the well-known hospitals have their own pharmacist to take care of the drug department and providing them with right medicine as prescribed by the physicians.  The Pharmacy graduates thus have a very important role to play here and the earning potential is really huge and very much attractive when compared to the other departments available for B pharmacy students.

Regulatory Bodies:

One of the finest options in this business is that of a drug controller, deputy drug controller, drug inspector, and other if the student really has the potential within.  These posts are controlled by FDA, the regulatory body dealing and implementing rules and regulations in related to Drug and Pharmaceutical industry.  These posts can really provide the aspiring student with good opportunity and a handsome earning as a complete outcome.

So the options are there to invade and require proper completion of the B pharmaceutical course.

D Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka + Bangalore || Mysore

D Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka + Bangalore || Mysore

Here we provide List of total colleges Universities providing D Pharmacy course in Karnataka state and in Bangalore City for our readers.

D Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka including Bangalore

In terms of the pharmaceutical sector in India, Karnataka has been one of the resourceful and the fastest growing states. The state holds the rank of fifth in the pharmaceutical exports. An estimated 40% of the state’s pharma production is kept for overseas exportation.  Karnataka thus contributes around 10% of its pharmaceutical export revenues to the country.

Karnataka’s steady growth and expansion of the pharmaceutical industry has been backed up by a number of factors, like:

  • Collaborative reputed and globally recognized numerous pharmaceutical companies in the state
  • Aggregation of several advanced Research and Development (R&D) Centres, exclusive pharma SEZ, and pharma industrial zones within the state
  • Plenty of natural resources and manpower
  • Hi-fidelity technology and strong infrastructure
  • A Favourable environment for innovative start-ups to thrive
  • Supportive policies of the State Government

D Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka + Bangalore || Mysore

Educational Institutions

The state boasts of more than 75 undergraduate and 40 postgraduate colleges that impart courses in pharmacy. The state government focuses on the pharmaceutical educational institutions to provide support to the pharma sector. Reputed pharma educational institutions to set up Finishing School for Pharmaceutical Learning have been planned by the government to support the pharma industry. The special roles of finishing schools are to impart industry-specific skills to the existing employees as well as fresh entrants to the pharma industry. The objective is to develop a solid base of a skilled workforce that can be readily employed in the pharma sector.

List of D. Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka

Below is the list of D. Pharmacy colleges in Karnataka with contacts

  • Bapuji Pharmacy College, Davanagere, Karnataka
  • 081922 21459

  • Karnataka College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 6533 2053

  • Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2223 4619

  • Acharya & BM Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2372 2222

  • Hillside College of Pharmacy B.Pharmacy, D.Pharmacy, M.Pharmacy, Doctor of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 098459 56633

  • Bharathi College of Pharmacy, Mandya, Karnataka
  • 082322 35111

  • Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2360 3947

  • KLE University’s College of Pharmacy- Hubli, Hubballi, Karnataka
  • 0836 237 4174

  • Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 099000 88457

  • Vivekananda College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2337 7434

  • CD Sagar Auditorium, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 088611 48097
  • Farooqia College Of Pharmacy, Mysuru, Karnataka
  • 0821 249 1974

  • Aditya Bangalore Institute of Pharmacy Education and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2857 1293

  • Luqman College of Pharmacy, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 53803

  • Government College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2222 2681

  • John’s College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2330 0958

  • East West College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 098809 39168

  • Maratha Mandal’s College of Pharmacy, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 0831 247 2982

  • Nargund College of Pharmacy. Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2672 0604

  • PES College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2660 0741

  • V.M. College of Pharmacy, Ballari, Karnataka
  • 083922 57919

  • KLE University’s college of Pharmacy, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 0831 247 1399

  • RR College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080502 02020

  • Mallige College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2279 2353

  • 083982 80442

  • JSS College Of Pharmacy, Mysuru, Karnataka
  • 0821 254 8353

  • SJM College of Pharmacy, Chitradurga, Karnataka
  • 081942 23231

  • E.T. College, Raichur, Karnataka
  • 085322 23448

  • Gautham College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2363 9720

  • Basaveshwara College of Pharmacy, Bidar, Karnataka
  • 094481 26993

  • Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka
  • 0820 292 2482

  • L.College of Pharmacy RAICHUR, Raichur, Karnataka
  • 085322 40952

  • Anupama College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2349 7797

  • Sanjay Patil College of Pharmacy, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 083333 73145

  • Karavali College Of Pharmacy, Mangaluru, Karnataka
  • 0824 226 3745

  • The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 3021 9821

  • Sree Siddaganga College of Pharmacy, Tumakuru, Karnataka
  • 0816 227 3331

  • Hanagal Shri Kumareshwar College of Pharmacy, Bagalkot, Karnataka
  • 094489 60238

  • RMES’s College Of Pharmacy Gulbarga, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 70692

  • C.T. College of Pharmacy, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 58551

  • Rani Chennamma College of Pharmacy, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 084215 85712

  • Sri K.V.College of Pharmacy, Chikkaballapura, Karnataka
  • 098867 05698
  • The Soniya Education Trust’s College Of Pharmacy, Dharwad, Karnataka
  • 0836 246 0534

  • East Point College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2847 2999

  • National College of Pharmacy, Shivamogga, Karnataka
  • 081822 79861

  • Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B G Nagar, Karnataka
  • 082342 87870

  • Nitte Gulabi Shetty Memorial Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mangaluru, Karnataka
  • 0824 220 3992

  • Mes Pharmacy College (Trust Office), Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 093428 59503

  • Priyadarshini College of Pharmacy, Koratagere, Karnataka
  • 081382 32250

  • Shree Devi College of Pharmacy, Mangaluru, Karnataka
  • 0824 225 4105

  • S Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 085500 06559

  • BLDEA’s SSM College Of Pharmacy, Vijayapura, Karnataka
  • 083522 61120

  • Farooqia College Of Pharmacy, Mysuru, Karnataka

  • SVET College of Pharmacy, Bidar, Karnataka
  • 084832 70434

  • C N K Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2347 7157

  • MMU College of Pharmacy, Ramanagara, Karnataka
  • 080 2727 1689

  • B E S Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2665 1497

  • R R K S College of Pharmacy, Bidar, Karnataka
  • 084822 32031

  • RML COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 0831 247 4745

  • Pavan College, Kolar, Karnataka
  • 081522 22597

  • Rajiv Gandhi College of Pharmacy, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 70692

  • R. Karigowda College of Pharmacy, Hassan, Karnataka
  • 081722 33896

  • Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College & Hospital, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 68269

  • MES COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • 093428 59503

  • HKES College of Pharmacy, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 084722 21532

  • Dayananda Sagar University, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 4646 1800

  • Sri Subrahmanyaswamy College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2321 0531

  • Valley College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2359 4173

  • Priyadarshini College of Pharmacy, Koratagere, Karnataka
  • 081382 32250

  • H.L.Thimmegowda College of Pharmacy, Ramanagara, Karnataka
  • 098800 13139

  • Set`s College Of Pharmacy, Hubali-Dharwad, Karnataka
  • 0836 244 8540


  • Sonia College of Pharmacy, Dharwad, Karnataka
  • 0836 244 8540

  • Karnataka College of Pharmacy, Bidar, Karnataka
  • 094522 89189

  • NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mangaluru, Karnataka
  • 0824 220 3991

  • NITTE (Deemed to be University)
  • Mangaluru, Karnataka

  • Srinivas College Of Pharmacy, Arkula, Karnataka
  • 0824 227 4722

  • Krupanidhi Group of Institutions, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2553 5751

  • Board of Examination Authority Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2248 3438

  • Srinivasa College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 083818 95379


  • HKE Society’s Polytechnic, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • 094481 04711

  • KLE Deemed University, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • 0831 244 4444

  • Milind Institute Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka

  • K L E College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2332 5611

  • JSS University, Mysuru, Karnataka
  • 086606 55620

  • SCS COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, Harpanahalli, Karnataka
  • 083982 80442

  • Oxbridge College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2324 6421

  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2696 1930

  • Hillside College of Pharmacy B.Pharmacy, D.Pharmacy, M.Pharmacy, Doctor of Pharmacy
  • Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 098459 56633

  • Karnataka College Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 6533 2053

  • Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2360 3947

  • Government College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2222 2681

  • Al-Ameen College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2223 4619

  • Nargund College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2672 0604

  • Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 099000 88457

  • Vivekananda College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2337 7434

  • Acharya & BM Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2372 2222

  • John’s College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2330 0958

  • RR College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080502 02020

  • PES College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2660 0741

  • East West College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 098809 39168
  • Mes Pharmacy College ( Trust Office), Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 093428 59503

  • Aditya Bangalore Institute of Pharmacy Education and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2857 1293

  • Anupama College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2349 7797

  • Valley College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2359 4173

  • Mallige College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2279 2353

  • Gautham College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2363 9720

  • Sri Subrahmanyaswamy College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2321 0531

  • East Point College Of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 2847 2999

  • The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • 080 3021 9821



Leads by the State Government to the pharmaceutical industry


Karnataka has a visionary to improve its market position within the pharmaceutical sector amongst the country. Presently, Karnataka bags more than 230 pharma and biotech companies. To achieve its objective, the state government is undertaking various initiatives that will help to promote the pharmaceutical industry in the state. For that, the pharma manufacturing units are set up in sufficient numbers looking into the future.

Karnataka could make in the top ten states that are known to have the maximum number of pharma manufacturing units in the country. It owns about 221 formulation units and 74 bulk drug units that account for 3% of India’s pharma manufacturing units. They produce high-quality and affordable generic medicines. Even the state reports a low average production cost in its pharma manufacturing units.

Karnataka has gained worldwide recognition for its pharma manufacturing capabilities. The state talks of several modern pharma plants that are benchmarked with the global standards and international regulatory certifications.

D Pharmacy Entrance Exams – B Pharmacy Entrance Examination List Info

D Pharmacy Entrance Exams - B Pharmacy Entrance Examination List Info

Information regarding D Pharma & B Pharma Entrance Examination in different states and universities in India are provided here

D Pharmacy Entrance exams List

Pharmacy is the science that deals with the preparation of drugs and its dosages. Currently, studying pharmacy courses are one of the top choices opted by students across the country. After engineering and medical, the most sought-after courses after Intermediate is none other than pharmacy. Those who have completed their class 12th exam with Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Mathematics are eligible for D. Pharmacy courses. The exam is held for those candidates who want to get admission in the polytechnic course of pharmacy called Diploma in Pharmacy which comes under the undergraduate course. A number of entrance examinations are conducted by the Central and the State Govt for pursuing D. Pharm course. Thus the applicants are required to clear any of the national, state or university level examinations organized by the respective authorities. One can expect the exams very competitive as millions of students appear to prove their merit through these entrance tests. Generally, these exams are scheduled after class 12 boards.

List of B Pharmacy Entrance Examination

In India, various universities and colleges offer D. Pharmacy, B. Pharmacy, M. Pharmacy programs along with other courses in this field. The colleges where one can pursue Pharmacy programs vary from Govt colleges, private and aided institutions. After the entrance examinations, the seats of these colleges are filled up according to the national and state ranks of the students. The best colleges in the country take up the highest ranking students. This is because the main purpose of the Pharmacy Entrance Exams is to select the most capable candidates amongst the other to grant enrolment into the Pharmacy colleges all over the country.  Below are the names of the entrance examinations conducted by the different bodies of the state, national and university level.

B Pharmacy & D Pharmacy Entrance Examination List

  • WBJEE Pharmacy (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination Pharmacy)
  • UPSEE Pharmacy (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination Pharmacy)
  • UP-CPMT (Uttar Pradesh Combined Pre Medical Test)
  • NMAT-P (SVKM’S Narsee Monjee Institute Of Management Studies (NMIMS), Mumbai)
  • OJEE Pharmacy (Odisha Joint Entrance Exam Pharmacy)
  • AU AIMEE (Annamalai University All India Medical Entrance Exam)
  • Punjab MBBS (Punjab MBBS/BDS Admissions)
  • Rajasthan MBBS (Rajasthan MBBS/BDS Admissions)
  • RPET Pharmacy (Board Of Technical Education, Rajasthan)
  • PUNJAB CET (Punjab Technical University,Jalandhar)
  • KLEU-AIET (KLE University All India Entrance Test)
  • Bihar MBBS (Bihar MBBS/BDS Admissions)
  • BITSAT Degree (BITS Admission Test)
  • MT CET Pharmacy (Maharashtra Pharmacy Common Entrance Test)
  • GAT UGTP (Gitam Admission Test)
  • CENTAC JET Pharmacy (Government Of Puducherry Centralized Admission Committee)
  • GUJCET Pharmacy (Gujarat Common Entrance Test Pharmacy)
  • VYAPAM PEPT (Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board, MP)
  • EAMCET Pharmacy (Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test)
  • OLET (Haryana State Counseling Society OLET)
  • TNPCEE (Tamilnadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination)


The students carrying interest in chemistry and bio-medical subjects can opt for Pharmacy courses after completing their 12th or equivalent exam. Still before opting for these programs students going through the career counselling will be the best method to choose the field of interest.  That would help him/her in future aspects of career and towards the contribution in society as well. 

Hope you would find this article useful for those who are sarching for Information regarding D Pharma & B Pharma Entrance Examination in different states and universities in India. 

What to do After B. Pharmacy?

What to do After B. Pharmacy?

What to do After B. Pharmacy?

Though there are ample of options available for the Pharmacy graduates yet they can choose according to their needs and place of interest. Pharmaceutical industries offer enormous job opportunities to Bachelor of Pharmacy degree holders both in private and govt sectors. Central and State Government hire suitable candidates in their various departments through written exams and interview. Also, one can go for higher studies, research or go abroad for pursuing Masters and various jobs.


  1. Pharmacy degree holder can work as Pharmacist, Quality Assurance Health Manager, Drug regulator or drug inspector, Drug Analyst, Analytical Chemist of Quality Control Manager, Data Manager, Regulatory Manager, and Regulatory Manager etc. They can also obtain jobs in Medical Transcription, Clinical Research, Teaching, Sales and Marketing etc. The Indian government also offers job opening assistants in excise service sector. These graduates are also appointed as assistants for chemical examination in prohibition.

What to do After B. Pharmacy?

Government Hospitals

A B. Pharm graduate can find diverse job openings in pharmaceutical section of government hospitals, dispensaries etc. As Pharmacists, they can work for Pharmaceutical section of government hospitals. On earning one year experience in the related area, one can apply the Pharmacy Board for registration as Pharmacist. They can obtain a certificate which would be very useful for the aspirant in their future career. At the entry-level remuneration will be less, but it increases with experience. At the same time, they can work in health departments operated under government sector.

Higher study

On the completion of B. Pharm, one may opt for Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharm), Master of Science (MS), Master of Business Administration (MBA) in a relative stream. After that, they have diverse choices to move forward. They may sit for GRE to shift overseas.

Government Pharmacy Colleges

The aspirant on pursuing Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharm) along with NET qualification enables the aspirant to apply for Professor Post in government colleges. Along with this qualification, the aspirant must pass the exam conducted by the government to get into the post.


Aspirants can apply for the national aptitude test like GPAT in India to become junior/senior research fellows in renowned institutes for which they get stipends. Later they become junior and senior scientists respectively. Researchers in the related field can also obtain a job in teaching sector.


Few Hiring Govt. Institutes

  • Government Ayurvedic Pharmacy
  • Research Institute of Indian system of Medicine
  • State Drug Testing and Research Laboratory
  • Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow
  • National Chemical Laboratory, Pune
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad
  • Smith Kline Beecham Indian Medicine Pharmacy

Few Hiring Private firms

  • Cipla Ltd
  • Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd
  • Hetero Drugs Ltd
  • Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd
  • Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd

B. Pharmacy 3rd Year Subjects & Syllabus – PDF B Pharm Second Year 5 + 6 Semester

B. Pharmacy 3rd Year Subjects & Syllabus - PDF B Pharm Second Year 5 + 6 Semester

B. Pharmacy 3rd Year Subjects and Syllabus

According to reports every year millions of students are joining B. Pharmacy to study Pharmacy as this is one of the finest education degrees. In the 3rd year of B. Pharm degree, every candidate shall be required to work for at least 150 hours spread over four weeks in a Pharmaceutical Industry/Hospital. It includes Production unit, Quality Control department, Quality Assurance department, Analytical laboratory, Chemical manufacturing unit, Pharmaceutical R&D, Hospital (Clinical Pharmacy), Clinical Research Organization, Community Pharmacy, etc. In between the Semester 6 and Semester 7 one shall submit a satisfactory report of such work and certificate duly signed by the authority of training organization to the head of the institute. Hence, let us also get acquainted with some terms related to the Pharmacy profession.

In the Pharmaceutical Industry, pharmacists are employed in manufacturing, product development, research, quality control, quality assurance, marketing, sales and administration. Community/Retail Pharmacy encompasses the practice of pharmacy in community settings or retail outlets. Pharmacists, (themselves become the owner of their own pharmacies) are actively educate patients, maintain and monitor drug records and ensure information resource of the highest calibre. Regulatory Bodies control and regulate medicines for the Drug and Pharmaceutical industry. At the federal or provincial level, posts like drug inspectors, drug controllers, and pharmacist/chief pharmacists at drug testing laboratories and Commissioned officers in Armed Forces are deployed.

The curriculum of the B. Pharm 3rd year is as follows:

B pharm Subjects for 3rd year (Semester 5)

Subjects Theory Practical
Hours Marks Hours Marks
INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY 45 100 4/week 50
PHARMACOLOGY-II 45 100 4/week 50
Total marks 650





B pharmacy Syllabus for Semester 5


Unit I

Antihistaminic agents: Histamine, receptors and their distribution in the Human body

H1–antagonists: Diphenhydramine hydrochloride*, Dimenhydrinate, Doxylamines cuccinate, Clemastine fumarate, Diphenylphyraline hydrochloride, Tripelenamine hydrochloride, Chlorcyclizine hydrochloride, Meclizine hydrochloride, Buclizine hydrochloride, Chlorpheniramine maleate, Triprolidine hydrochloride*, Phenidamine tartarate, Promethazine hydrochloride*, Trimeprazine tartrate, Cyproheptadine hydrochloride, Azatidine maleate, Astemizole, Loratadine, Cetirizine, Levocetrazine Cromolyn sodium

H2-antagonists: Cimetidine*, Famotidine, Ranitidin.

Gastric Proton pump inhibitors: Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, Rabeprazole, Pantoprazole

Anti-neoplastic agents:

Alkylating agents: Meclorethamine*, Cyclophosphamide, Melphalan, Chlorambucil, Busulfan, Thiotepa

Antimetabolites: Mercaptopurine*, Thioguanine, Fluorouracil, Floxuridine, Cytarabine, Methotrexate*, Azathioprine

Antibiotics: Dactinomycin, Daunorubicin, Doxorubicin, Bleomycin

Plant products: Etoposide, Vinblastin sulphate, Vincristin sulphate

Miscellaneous: Cisplatin, Mitotane

Unit II


Vasodilators: Amyl nitrite, Nitroglycerin*, Pentaerythritol tetranitrate, Isosorbide dinitrite*, Dipyridamole.

Calcium channel blockers: Verapamil, Bepridil hydrochloride, Diltiazem hydrochloride, Nifedipine, Amlodipine, Felodipine, Nicardipine, Nimodipine.

Diuretics: Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: Acetazolamide*, Methazolamide, Dichlorphenamide. Thiazides: Chlorthiazide*, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hydroflumethiazide, Cyclothiazide,

Loop diuretics: Furosemide*, Bumetanide, Ethacrynic acid. Potassium sparing Diuretics: Spironolactone, Triamterene, Amiloride. Osmotic Diuretics: Mannitol

Anti-hypertensive Agents: Timolol, Captopril, Lisinopril, Enalapril, Benazepril

hydrochloride, Quinapril hydrochloride, Methyldopate hydrochloride,* Clonidine

hydrochloride, Guanethidine monosulphate, Guanabenz acetate, Sodium nitroprusside, Diazoxide,Minoxidil, Reserpine, Hydralazine hydrochloride.

Unit III

Anti-arrhythmic Drugs: Quinidine sulphate, Procainamide hydrochloride, Disopyramide phosphate*, Phenytoin sodium, Lidocaine hydrochloride, Tocainide hydrochloride, Mexiletine hydrochloride, Lorcainide hydrochloride,

Amiodarone, Sotalol.

Anti-hyperlipidemic agents: Clofibrate, Lovastatin, Cholesteramine and Cholestipol

Coagulant & Anticoagulants: Menadione, Acetomenadione, Warfarin*, Anisindione, clopidogrel

Drugs used in Congestive Heart Failure: Digoxin, Digitoxin, Nesiritide, Bosentan, Tezosentan.

Unit IV

Drugs acting on Endocrine system

Nomenclature, Stereochemistry and metabolism of steroids

Sex hormones: Testosterone, Nandralone, Progestrones, Oestriol, Oestradiol, Oestrione, Diethyl stilbestrol.

Drugs for erectile dysfunction: Sildenafil, Tadalafil.

Oral contraceptives: Mifepristone, Norgestril, Levonorgestrol

Corticosteroids: Cortisone, Hydrocortisone, Prednisolone, Betamethasone, Dexamethasone

Thyroid and antithyroid drugs: L-Thyroxine, L-Thyronine, Propylthiouracil, Methimazole.

Unit V

Antidiabetic agents:

Insulin and its preparations

Sulfonyl ureas: Tolbutamide*, Chlorpropamide, Glipizide, Glimepiride. Biguanides: Metformin.

Thiazolidinediones: Pioglitazone, Rosiglitazone.

Meglitinides: Repaglinide, Nateglinide.

Glucosidase inhibitors: Acrabose, Voglibose.

Local Anesthetics: SAR of Local anesthetics

Benzoic Acid derivatives; Cocaine, Hexylcaine, Meprylcaine, Cyclomethycaine, Piperocaine.

Amino Benzoic acid derivatives: Benzocaine*, Butamben, Procaine*, Butacaine,

Propoxycaine, Tetracaine, Benoxinate.

Lidocaine/Anilide derivatives: Lignocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Etidocaine.

Miscellaneous: Phenacaine, Diperodon, Dibucaine.*



Theory Practical
Unit I

Preformulation Studies: Introduction to preformulation, goals and objectives, study of

physicochemical characteristics of drug substances.

a. Physical properties: Physical form (crystal & amorphous), particle size, shape, flow

properties, solubility profile (pKa, pH, partition coefficient), polymorphism

b. Chemical Properties: Hydrolysis, oxidation, reduction, racemisation, polymerization

BCS classification of drugs & its significant

Application of preformulation considerations in the development of solid, liquid oral and

parenteral dosage forms and its impact on stability of dosage forms.

Unit II


a. Introduction, ideal characteristics of tablets, classification of tablets. Excipients, Formulation of tablets, granulation methods, compression and processing problems.

Equipments and tablet tooling.

b. Tablet coating: Types of coating, coating materials, formulation of coating composition, methods of coating, equipment employed and defects in coating.

c. Quality control tests: In process and finished product tests

Liquid orals: Formulation and manufacturing consideration of syrups and elixirs suspensions and emulsions; Filling and packaging; evaluation of liquid orals official in pharmacopoeia

Unit III


a. Hard gelatin capsules: Introduction, Production of hard gelatin capsule shells. Size of capsules, Filling, finishing and special techniques of formulation of hard gelatine capsules, manufacturing defects. In process and final product quality control tests for capsules.

b. Soft gelatin capsules: Nature of shell and capsule content, size of capsules,importance of base adsorption and minim/gram factors, production, in process and final product quality control tests. Packing, storage and stability testing of soft gelatin capsules and their applications.

Pellets: Introduction, formulation requirements, pelletization process, equipments for manufacture of pellets

Unit IV

Parenteral Products:

a. Definition, types, advantages and limitations. Preformulation factors and essential equirements, vehicles, additives, importance of isotonicity

b. Production procedure, production facilities and controls, aseptic processing

c. Formulation of injections, sterile powders, large volume parenterals and lyophilized products.

d. Containers and closures selection, filling and sealing of ampoules, vials and infusion fluids. Quality control tests of parenteral products.

Ophthalmic Preparations: Introduction, formulation considerations; formulation of eye

drops, eye ointments and eye lotions; methods of preparation; labeling, containers; evaluation of ophthalmic preparations

Unit V

Cosmetics: Formulation and preparation of the following cosmetic preparations: lipsticks, shampoos, cold cream and vanishing cream, tooth pastes, hair dyes and sunscreens.

Pharmaceutical Aerosols: Definition, propellants, containers, valves, types of aerosol systems; formulation and manufacture of aerosols; Evaluation of aerosols; Quality control and stability studies.

Packaging Materials Science: Materials used for packaging of pharmaceutical products, factors influencing choice of containers, legal and official requirements for containers, stability aspects of packaging materials, quality control tests.

1. Preformulation studies on paracetamol/asparin/or any other drug


2. Preparation and evaluation of Paracetamol tablets


3. Preparation and evaluation of Aspirin tablets


4. Coating of tablets- film coating of tables/granules


5. Preparation and evaluation of Tetracycline capsules


6. Preparation of Calcium Gluconate injection


7. Preparation of Ascorbic Acid injection


8. Qulaity control test of (as per IP) marketed tablets and capsules


9. Preparation of Eye drops/ and Eye ointments


10. Preparation of Creams (cold / vanishing cream)


11. Evaluation of Glass containers (as per IP)



Theory Practical
Unit I

1. Pharmacology of drugs acting on cardio vascular system

a. Introduction to hemodynamic and electrophysiology of heart.

b. Drugs used in congestive heart failure

c. Anti-hypertensive drugs.

d. Anti-anginal drugs.

e. Anti-arrhythmic drugs.

f. Anti-hyperlipidemic drugs.

Unit II

1. Pharmacology of drugs acting on cardio vascular system

a. Drug used in the therapy of shock.

b. Hematinics, coagulants and anticoagulants.

c. Fibrinolytics and anti-platelet drugs

d. Plasma volume expanders

2. Pharmacology of drugs acting on urinary system

a. Diuretics

b. Anti-diuretics.

Unit III

3. Autocoids and related drugs

a. Introduction to autacoids and classification

b. Histamine, 5-HT and their antagonists.

c. Prostaglandins, Thromboxanes and Leukotrienes.

d. Angiotensin, Bradykinin and Substance P.

e. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents

f. Anti-gout drugs

g. Antirheumatic drugs

Unit IV

5. Pharmacology of drugs acting on endocrine system

a. Basic concepts in endocrine pharmacology.

b. Anterior Pituitary hormones- analogues and their inhibitors.

c. Thyroid hormones- analogues and their inhibitors.

d. Hormones regulating plasma calcium level- Parathormone, Calcitonin and


d. Insulin, Oral Hypoglycemic agents and glucagon.

e. ACTH and corticosteroids.

Unit V

5. Pharmacology of drugs acting on endocrine system

a. Androgens and Anabolic steroids.

b. Estrogens, progesterone and oral contraceptives.

c. Drugs acting on the uterus.

6. Bioassay

a. Principles and applications of bioassay.

b. Types of bioassay

c. Bioassay of insulin, oxytocin, vasopressin, ACTH, d-tubocurarine, digitalis, histamine and 5-HT.

1. Introduction to in-vitro pharmacology and physiological salt solutions.


2. Effect of drugs on isolated frog heart.


3. Effect of drugs on blood pressure and heart rate of dog.


4. Study of diuretic activity of drugs using rats/mice.


5. DRC of acetylcholine using frog rectus abdominis muscle.


6. Effect of physostigmine and atropine on DRC of acetylcholine using frog rectus abdominis muscle and rat ileum respectively.



7. Bioassay of histamine using guinea pig ileum by matching method.


8. Bioassay of oxytocin using rat uterine horn by interpolation method.


9. Bioassay of serotonin using rat fundus strip by three point bioassay.


10. Bioassay of acetylcholine using rat ileum/colon by four point bioassay.


11. Determination of PA2 value of prazosin using rat anococcygeus muscle (by Schilds plot method).


12. Determination of PD2 value using guinea pig ileum.


13. Effect of spasmogens and spasmolytics using rabbit jejunum.


14. Anti-inflammatory activity of drugs using carrageenan induced paw-edema model.


15. Analgesic activity of drug using central and peripheral methods


Note: All laboratory techniques and animal experiments are demonstrated by simulated

experiments by softwares and videos



Theory Practical
Unit I

Metabolic pathways in higher plants and their determination

a) Brief study of basic metabolic pathways and formation of different secondary metabolites

through these pathways- Shikimic acid pathway, Acetate pathways and Amino acid pathway.

b) Study of utilization of radioactive isotopes in the investigation of Biogenetic studies.

Unit II

General introduction, composition, chemistry & chemical classes, biosources, therapeutic

uses and commercial applications of following

secondary metabolites:

Alkaloids: Vinca, Rauwolfia, Belladonna, Opium,

Phenylpropanoids and Flavonoids: Lignans, Tea, Ruta

Steroids, Cardiac Glycosides & Triterpenoids: Liquorice, Dioscorea, Digitalis

Volatile oils: Mentha, Clove, Cinnamon, Fennel, Coriander

Tannins: Catechu, Pterocarpus

Resins: Benzoin, Guggul, Ginger, Asafoetida, Myrrh, Colophony

Glycosides: Senna, Aloes, Bitter Almond

Iridoids, Other terpenoids & Naphthaquinones: Gentian, Artemisia, taxus, carotenoids

Unit III

Isolation, Identification and Analysis of Phytoconstituents

a) Terpenoids: Menthol, Citral, Artemisin

b) Glycosides: Glycyrhetinic acid & Rutin

c) Alkaloids: Atropine, Quinine, Reserpine, Caffeine

d) Resins: Podophyllotoxin, Curcumin

Unit IV

Industrial production, estimation and utilization of the following phytoconstituents: Forskolin, Sennoside, Artemisinin, Diosgenin, Digoxin, Atropine, Podophyllotoxin, Caffeine, Taxol, Vincristine and Vinblastine

Unit V

Basics of Phytochemistry

Modern methods of extraction, application of latest techniques like Spectroscopy,

chromatography and electrophoresis in the isolation, purification and identification of crude


1. Morphology, histology and powder characteristics & extraction & detection of:

Cinchona, Cinnamon, Senna, Clove, Ephedra, Fennel and Coriander



2. Exercise involving isolation & detection of active principles

a. Caffeine – from tea dust.

b. Diosgenin from Dioscorea

c. Atropine from Belladonna

d. Sennosides from Senna


3. Separation of sugars by Paper chromatography

4. TLC of herbal extract


5. Distillation of volatile oils and detection of phytoconstitutents by TLC


6. Analysis of crude drugs by chemical tests: (i) Asafoetida (ii) Benzoin (iii)

Colophony (iv) Aloes (v) Myrrh



Unit I

Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and its rules 1945:

Objectives, Definitions, Legal definitions of schedules to the Act and Rules

Import of drugs – Classes of drugs and cosmetics prohibited from import, Import under license or permit. Offences and penalties.

Manufacture of drugs – Prohibition of manufacture and sale of certain drugs,

Conditions for grant of license and conditions of license for manufacture of drugs,

Manufacture of drugs for test, examination and analysis, manufacture of new drug, loan

license and repacking license.

Unit II

Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and its rules 1945.

Detailed study of Schedule G, H, M, N, P,T,U, V, X, Y, Part XII B, Sch F & DMR (OA)

Sale of Drugs – Wholesale, Retail sale and Restricted license. Offences and penalties

Labeling & Packing of drugs- General labeling requirements and specimen labels for

drugs and cosmetics, List of permitted colors. Offences and penalties.

Administration of the Act and Rules – Drugs Technical Advisory Board, Central drugs

Laboratory, Drugs Consultative Committee, Government drug analysts, Licensing

authorities, controlling authorities, Drugs Inspectors

Unit III

· Pharmacy Act –1948: Objectives, Definitions, Pharmacy Council of India; its

constitution and functions, Education Regulations, State and Joint state pharmacy

councils; constitution and functions, Registration of Pharmacists, Offences and Penalties

· Medicinal and Toilet Preparation Act –1955: Objectives, Definitions, Licensing,

Manufacture In bond and Outside bond, Export of alcoholic preparations,

Manufacture of Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Patent & Proprietary Preparations. Offences and Penalties.

· Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances Act-1985 and Rules: Objectives,

Definitions, Authorities and Officers, Constitution and Functions of narcotic &

Psychotropic Consultative Committee, National Fund for Controlling the Drug

Abuse, Prohibition, Control and Regulation, opium poppy cultivation and production

of poppy straw, manufacture, sale and export of opium, Offences and Penalties

Unit IV

· Study of Salient Features of Drugs and Magic Remedies Act and its

rules: Objectives, Definitions, Prohibition of certain advertisements, Classes of

Exempted advertisements, Offences and Penalties

· Prevention of Cruelty to animals Act-1960: Objectives, Definitions, Institutional

Animal Ethics Committee, CPCSEA guidelines for Breeding and Stocking of

Animals, Performance of Experiments, Transfer and acquisition of animals for

experiment, Records, Power to suspend or revoke registration, Offences and Penalties

· National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority: Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO)-

2013. Objectives, Definitions, Sale prices of bulk drugs, Retail price of formulations,

Retail price and ceiling price of scheduled formulations, National List of Essential

Medicines (NLEM)

Unit V

· Pharmaceutical Legislations – A brief review, Introduction, Study of drugs enquiry

committee, Health survey and development committee, Hathi committee and Mudaliar committee

· Code of Pharmaceutical ethics D efinition, Pharmacist in relation to his job, trade,

medical profession and his profession, Pharmacist’s oath

· Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act

· Right to Information Act

· Introduction to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)





B Pharm Subjects for Semester 6


Subjects Theory Practical
Hours Marks Hours Marks
PHARMACOLOGY-III 45 100 4/week 50
Total marks 750

















B pharmacy Syllabus for Semester 6


Theory Practical
Unit I


Historical background, Nomenclature, Stereochemistry, Structure activity relationship, Chemical degradation classification and important products of the following classes.

β-Lactam antibiotics: Penicillin, Cepholosporins, β- Lactamase inhibitors,


Aminoglycosides: Streptomycin, Neomycin, Kanamycin

Tetracyclines: Tetracycline,Oxytetracycline, Chlortetracycline, Minocycline, Doxycyclin

Unit II


Historical background, Nomenclature, Stereochemistry, Structure activity relationship, Chemical degradation classification and important products of the following classes.

Macrolide: Erythromycin Clarithromycin, Azithromycin.

Miscellaneous: Chloramphenicol*, Clindamycin.

Prodrugs: Basic concepts and application of prodrugs design.

Antimalarials: Etiology of malaria.

Quinolines: SAR, Quinine sulphate, Chloroquine*, Amodiaquine,

Primaquine phosphate, Pamaquine*, Quinacrine hydrochloride, Mefloquine.

Biguanides and dihydro triazines: Cycloguanil pamoate, Proguanil.

Miscellaneous: Pyrimethamine, Artesunete, Artemether, Atovoquone.

Unit III

Anti-tubercular Agents

Synthetic anti tubercular agents: Isoniozid*, Ethionamide, Ethambutol, Pyrazinamide, Para amino salicylic acid.*

Anti tubercular antibiotics: Rifampicin, Rifabutin, Cycloserine Streptomycine, Capreomycin sulphate.

Urinary tract anti-infective agents

Quinolones: SAR of quinolones, Nalidixic Acid,Norfloxacin, Enoxacin, Ciprofloxacin*, Ofloxacin, Lomefloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Moxifloxacin

Miscellaneous: Furazolidine, Nitrofurantoin*, Methanamine.

Antiviral agents:

Amantadine hydrochloride, Rimantadine hydrochloride, Idoxuridine trifluoride, Acyclovir*, Gancyclovir, Zidovudine, Didanosine, Zalcitabine, Lamivudine, Loviride, Delavirding, Ribavirin, Saquinavir, Indinavir,


Unit IV

Antifungal agents:

Antifungal antibiotics: Amphotericin-B, Nystatin, Natamycin, Griseofulvin.

Synthetic Antifungal agents: Clotrimazole, Econazole, Butoconazole, Oxiconazole Tioconozole, Miconazole*, Ketoconazole, Terconazole, Itraconazole, Fluconazole, Naftifine hydrochloride, Tolnaftate*.

Anti-protozoal Agents: Metronidazole*, Tinidazole, Ornidazole, Diloxanide, Iodoquinol, Pentamidine Isethionate, Atovaquone, Eflornithine.

Anthelmintics: Diethylcarbamazine citrate*, Thiabendazole, Mebendazole*,

Albendazole, Niclosamide, Oxamniquine, Praziquantal, Ivermectin.

Sulphonamides and Sulfones

Historical development, chemistry, classification and SAR of Sulfonamides:

Sulphamethizole, Sulfisoxazole, Sulphamethizine, Sulfacetamide*, Sulphapyridine, Sulfamethoxaole*, Sulphadiazine, Mefenide acetate, Sulfasalazine.

Folate reductase inhibitors: Trimethoprim*, Cotrimoxazole.

Sulfones: Dapsone*.

Unit V

Introduction to Drug Design

Various approaches used in drug design.

Physicochemical parameters used in quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) such as partition coefficient, Hammet’s electronic

parameter, Tafts steric parameter and Hansch analysis. Pharmacophore modeling and docking techniques.

Combinatorial Chemistry: Concept and applications chemistry: solid phase and solution phase synthesis.

I Preparation of drugs and intermediates

1 Sulphanilamide

2 7-Hydroxy, 4-methyl coumarin

3 Chlorobutanol

4 Triphenyl imidazole

5 Tolbutamide

6 Hexamine


II Assay of drugs

1 Isonicotinic acid hydrazide

2 Chloroquine

3 Metronidazole

4 Dapsone

5 Chlorpheniramine maleate

6 Benzyl penicillin


III Preparation of medicinally important compounds or intermediates by Microwave irradiation technique


IV Drawing structures and reactions using chem draw®


V Determination of physicochemical properties such as logP, clogP, MR, Molecular weight, Hydrogen bond donors and acceptors for class of drugs course content using drug design software Drug likeliness screening (Lipinskies RO5)



Theory Practical
Unit I

1. Pharmacology of drugs acting on Respiratory system

a. Anti -asthmatic drugs

b. Drugs used in the management of COPD

c. Expectorants and antitussives

d. Nasal decongestants

e. Respiratory stimulants

2. Pharmacology of drugs acting on the Gastrointestinal Tract

a. Antiulcer agents.

b. Drugs for constipation and diarrhoea.

c. Appetite stimulants and suppressants.

d. Digestants and carminatives.

e. Emetics and anti-emetics.

Unit II

3. Chemotherapy

a. General principles of chemotherapy.

b. Sulfonamides and cotrimoxazole.

c. Antibiotics- Penicillins, cephalosporins, chloramphenicol, macrolides, quinolones and fluoroquinolins, tetracycline and aminoglycosides.

Unit III

3. Chemotherapy

a. Antitubercular agents

b. Antileprotic agents

c. Antifungal agents

d. Antiviral drugs


f. Antimalarial drugs

g. Antiamoebic agents

Unit IV

3. Chemotherapy

l. Urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases.

m. Chemotherapy of malignancy.

4. Immunopharmacology

a. Immunostimulants

b. Immunosuppressant

Protein drugs, monoclonal antibodies, target drugs to antigen, biosimilars

Unit V

5. Principles of toxicology

a. Definition and basic knowledge of acute, subacute and chronic toxicity.

b. Definition and basic knowledge of genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity and mutagenicity

c. General principles of treatment of poisoning

d. Clinical symptoms and management of barbiturates, morphine, organophosphosphorus compound and lead, mercury and arsenic poisoning.

6. Chronopharmacology

a. Definition of rhythm and cycles.

b. Biological clock and their significance leading to chronotherapy.

1. Dose calculation in pharmacological experiments


2. Antiallergic activity by mast cell stabilization assay


3. Study of anti-ulcer activity of a drug using pylorus ligand (SHAY) rat model and NSAIDS induced ulcer model.


4. Study of effect of drugs on gastrointestinal motility


5. Effect of agonist and antagonists on guinea pig ileum


6. Estimation of serum biochemical parameters by using semi- auto analyser


7. Effect of saline purgative on frog intestine


8. Insulin hypoglycemic effect in rabbit


9. Test for pyrogens ( rabbit method)


10. Determination of acute oral toxicity (LD50) of a drug from a given data


11. Determination of acute skin irritation / corrosion of a test substance


12. Determination of acute eye irritation / corrosion of a test substance


13. Calculation of pharmacokinetic parameters from a given data


14. Biostatistics methods in experimental pharmacology( student’s t test, ANOVA)



15. Biostatistics methods in experimental pharmacology (Chi square test, Wilcoxon

Signed Rank test)


*Experiments are demonstrated by simulated experiments/videos




Theory Practical
Unit I

Herbs as raw materials

Definition of herb, herbal medicine, herbal medicinal product, herbal drug preparation.

Source of Herbs

Selection, identification and authentication of herbal materials.

Processing of herbal raw material

Biodynamic Agriculture

Good agricultural practices in cultivation of medicinal plants including Organic farming.

Pest and Pest management in medicinal plants: Biopesticides/Bioinsecticides.

Indian Systems of Medicine

a) Basic principles involved in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy.

b) Preparation and standardization of Ayurvedic formulations viz Aristas and Asawas, Ghutika,Churna, Lehya and Bhasma.

Unit II


General aspects, Market, growth, scope and types of products available in the market. Health benefits and role of Nutraceuticals in ailments like Diabetes, CVS diseases, Cancer, Irritable bowel syndrome and various Gastro intestinal diseases.

Study of following herbs as health food: Alfaalfa, Chicory, Ginger, Fenugreek, Garlic, Honey, Amla, Ginseng, Ashwagandha, Spirulina

Herbal-Drug and Herb-Food Interactions: General introduction to interaction and classification. Study of following drugs and their possible side effects and interactions:

Hypercium, kava-kava, Ginkobiloba, Ginseng, Garlic, Pepper & Ephedra.

Unit III

Herbal Cosmetics

Sources and description of raw materials of herbal origin used via, fixed oils, waxes, gums colours, perfumes, protective agents, bleaching agents, antioxidants in products such as skincare, hair care and oral hygiene products.

Herbal excipients:

Herbal Excipients – Significance of substances of natural origin as excipients – colorants, sweeteners, binders, diluents, viscosity builders, disintegrants, flavors & perfumes.

Herbal formulations :

Conventional herbal formulations like syrups, mixtures and tablets and Novel dosage forms like phytosomes

Unit IV

Evaluation of Drugs WHO & ICH guidelines for the assessment of herbal drugs. Stability testing of herbal drugs.

Patenting and Regulatory requirements of natural products:

a) Definition of the terms: Patent, IPR, Farmers right, Breeder’s right, Bioprospecting and Biopiracy

b) Patenting aspects of Traditional Knowledge and Natural Products. Case study of Curcuma & Neem.

Regulatory Issues – Regulations in India (ASU DTAB, ASU DCC), Regulation of manufacture of ASU drugs – Schedule Z of Drugs & Cosmetics Act for ASU drugs.

Unit V

General Introduction to Herbal Industry

Herbal drugs industry: Present scope and future prospects.

A brief account of plant based industries and institutions involved in work on medicinal and aromatic plants in India.

Schedule T – Good Manufacturing Practice of Indian systems of medicine

Components of GMP (Schedule – T) and its objectives

Infrastructural requirements, working space, storage area, machinery and equipments, standard operating procedures, health and hygiene, documentation and records.

1. To perform preliminary phytochemical screening of crude drugs.


2. Determination of the alcohol content of Asava and Arista


3. Evaluation of excipients of natural origin


4. Incorporation of prepared and standardized extract in cosmetic formulations like creams, lotions and shampoos and their evaluation.


5. Incorporation of prepared and standardized extract in formulations like syrups, mixtures and tablets and their evaluation as per Pharmacopoeial requirements.


6. Monograph analysis of herbal drugs from recent Pharmacopoeias


7. Determination of Aldehyde content


8. Determination of Phenol content


9. Determination of total alkaloids



Unit I

Introduction to Bio pharmaceutics

Absorption; Mechanisms of drug absorption through GIT, factors influencing drug absorption though GIT, absorption of drug from Non per oral extra-vascular routes, Distribution Tissue permeability of drugs, binding of drugs, apparent, volume of drug distribution, plasma and tissue protein binding of drugs, factors affecting protein-drug binding. Kinetics of protein binding, Clinical significance of protein binding of drugs

Unit II

Elimination: Drug metabolism and basic understanding metabolic pathways renal excretion of drugs, factors affecting renal excretion of drugs, renal clearance, Non renal routes of drug excretion of drugs

Bioavailability and Bioequivalence: Definition and Objectives of bioavailability, absolute and relative bioavailability, measurement of bioavailability, in-vitro drug dissolution models, in-vitroin-vivo correlations, bioequivalence studies, methods to enhance the dissolution rates and bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs.

Unit III

Pharmacokinetics: Definition and introduction to Pharmacokinetics, Compartment models, Non compartment models, physiological models, One compartment open model. (a). Intravenous Injection (Bolus) (b). Intravenous infusion and (c) Extra vascular administrations. Pharmacokinetics parameters – KE ,t1/2,Vd,AUC,Ka, Clt and CLR- definitions methods of eliminations, understanding of their significance and


Unit IV

Multicompartment models: Two compartment open model. IV bolus, Kinetics of multiple dosing, steady state drug levels, calculation of loading and maintenance doses and their significance in clinical settings.

Unit V

Nonlinear Pharmacokinetics: a. Introduction, b. Factors causing Non-linearity. c. Michaelis-menton method of estimating parameters, Explanation with example of drugs.



Unit I

a) Brief introduction to Biotechnology with reference to Pharmaceutical Sciences.

b) Enzyme Biotechnology- Methods of enzyme immobilization and applications.

c) Biosensors- Working and applications of biosensors in Pharmaceutical Industries.

d) Brief introduction to Protein Engineering.

e) Use of microbes in industry. Production of Enzymes- General consideration –

Amylase, Catalase, Peroxidase, Lipase, Protease, Penicillinase.

f) Basic principles of genetic engineering.

Unit II

a) Study of cloning vectors, restriction endonucleases and DNA ligase.

b) Recombinant DNA technology. Application of genetic engineering in medicine.

c) Application of r DNA technology and genetic engineering in the production of:

i) Interferon ii) Vaccines- hepatitis- B iii) Hormones-Insulin.

d) Brief introduction to PCR

Unit III

Types of immunity- humoral immunity, cellular immunity

a) Structure of Immunoglobulins

b) Structure and Function of MHC

c) Hypersensitivity reactions, Immune stimulation and Immune suppressions.

d) General method of the preparation of bacterial vaccines, toxoids, viral vaccine, antitoxins, serum-immune blood derivatives and other products relative to immunity.

e) Storage conditions and stability of official vaccines

f) Hybridoma technology- Production, Purification and Applications

g) Blood products and Plasma Substituties.

Unit IV

a) Immuno blotting techniques- ELISA, Western blotting, Southern blotting.

b) Genetic organization of Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes

c) Microbial genetics including transformation, transduction, conjugation, plasmids and transposons.

d) Introduction to Microbial biotransformation and applications.

e) Mutation: Types of mutation/mutants.

Unit V

a) Fermentation methods and general requirements, study of media, equipments, sterilization methods, aeration process, stirring.

b) Large scale production fermenter design and its various controls.

c) Study of the production of – penicillins, citric acid, Vitamin B12, Glutamic acid, Griseofulvin,

d) Blood Products: Collection, Processing and Storage of whole human blood, dried human plasma, plasma Substituties.



Unit I

Quality Assurance and Quality Management concepts: Definition and concept of Quality

control, Quality assurance and GMP

Total Quality Management (TQM): Definition, elements, philosophies

ICH Guidelines: purpose, participants, process of harmonization, Brief overview of QSEM,

with special emphasis on Q-series guidelines, ICH stability testing guidelines

Quality by design (QbD): Definition, overview, elements of QbD program, tools

ISO 9000 & ISO14000: Overview, Benefits, Elements, steps for registration

NABL accreditation : Principles and procedures

Unit II

Organization and personnel: Personnel responsibilities, training, hygiene and personal records.

Premises: Design, construction and plant layout, maintenance, sanitation, environmental

control, utilities and maintenance of sterile areas, control of contamination.

Equipments and raw materials: Equipment selection, purchase specifications, maintenance, purchase specifications and maintenance of stores for raw materials.

Unit III

Quality Control: Quality control test for containers, rubber closures and secondary packing


Good Laboratory Practices: General Provisions, Organization and Personnel, Facilities,

Equipment, Testing Facilities Operation, Test and Control Articles, Protocol for Conduct of a Nonclinical Laboratory Study, Records and Reports, Disqualification of Testing Facilities

Unit IV

Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling of return good, recalling and waste disposal.

Document maintenance in pharmaceutical industry: Batch Formula Record, Master Formula Record, SOP, Quality audit, Quality Review and Quality documentation, Reports and documents, distribution records.

Unit V

Calibration and Validation: Introduction, definition and general principles of calibration,

qualification and validation, importance and scope of validation, types of validation, validation master plan. Calibration of pH meter, Qualification of UV-Visible spectrophotometer, General principles of Analytical method Validation.

Warehousing: Good warehousing practice, materials management



Pharmacy market demand

Hospitals: In abroad mostly, the Doctors diagnose but the pharmacists decide the medicines and their dosage. Therefore, Pharmacy graduates have an important role in earning attractive remuneration and to occupy strategic positions.

Production and Manufacturing: Professionals for production and manufacturing are not only required by biotechnological products, surgical dressings, medical devices, equipment, ayurvedic/ homoeopathic / Unani medicines, veterinary medicine, etc but also for the requirement for the production of cosmetics, soaps, toiletries and dental products.

Analysis and Testing: Highly skilled staff is required by companies to handle sensitive analytical dealings and sophisticated equipment. Analysis and testing go hand in hand in order to maintain a proper Quality control (QC) and Quality Assurance (QA).

R & D: M. Pharms and Ph.Ds are highly in demand for research of new drugs, process development, formulation, development, clinical trials and Toxicological Studies

Marketing: Sales and marketing are considered to be a highly technical arena and hence one of the best when it comes to perks.